Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Archichlamydeae: Rosales

Rhamnaceae - Buffalo-thorn family

Drummond, R.B. (1966) Rhamnaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2)

Description of the family

Trees, shrubs, suffrutices or lianes; branches sometimes with coiled tendrils (Gouania and Helinus). Stipules present, sometimes spiny. Leaves alternate (sometimes opposite or subopposite) or fasciculate, simple. Flowers bisexual or rarely unisexual, actinomorphic. Sepals (4-)5. Petals (4-)5 or 0. Disk usually present and well-developed. Ovary superior, subinferior or inferior, 2-4-locular. Fruit a drupe, capsule or schizocarp.

Worldwide: 49 genera and 900 species, cosmopolitan, but especially in tropical and warm areas.

Botswana: 4 genera and 8 taxa.

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Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Berchemia Neck. ex DC.Description, Image
Helinus E. Mey. ex Endl.Description, Image
Rhamnus L.Description
Ziziphus Mill.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Rhamnaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Rhamnaceae
Flora of Malawi: Rhamnaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Rhamnaceae
Flora of Zambia: Rhamnaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Rhamnaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Rhamnaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Rhamnaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Botswana: Family page: Rhamnaceae.
http://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=195, retrieved 23 September 2017

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