Vallisneria spiralis L.

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Synonyms: Vallisneria aethiopica Fenzl
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution:
Botswana distribution: N
Growth form(s): Aquatic.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 91.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 124.

Symoens, J.J. (2009). Hydrocharitaceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(2) Pages 46 - 49. (Includes a picture).

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 185.

Other sources of information about Vallisneria spiralis:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Vallisneria spiralis
Flora of Malawi: Vallisneria spiralis
Flora of Mozambique: Vallisneria spiralis
Flora of Zambia: Vallisneria spiralis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Vallisneria spiralis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Vallisneria spiralis
African Plant Database: Vallisneria spiralis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Vallisneria spiralis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Vallisneria spiralis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Vallisneria spiralis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Vallisneria spiralis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Vallisneria spiralis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Vallisneria spiralis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Vallisneria spiralis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Vallisneria spiralis
Ispot Southern Africa: Vallisneria spiralis
JSTOR Plant Science: Vallisneria spiralis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Vallisneria spiralis
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Vallisneria spiralis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Vallisneria spiralis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Vallisneria spiralis
Tropicos: Vallisneria spiralis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Vallisneria spiralis.
http://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=103320, retrieved 23 October 2017

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