Echinochloa pyramidalis (Lam.) Hitchc. & Chase

Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images (2)

Echinochloa pyramidalis

Photo: David Hartung
Monavale Vlei

Echinochloa pyramidalis

Photo: David Hartung
Monavale Vlei

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Echinochloa holubii (Stapf) Stapf
Common names: Antelope grass (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Erect robust tall perennial grass up to 4 m tall. Ligule a line of hairs. Inflorescence 8 - 40 cm long, with numerous overlapping racemes or with 4-10 distant appressed racemes. Racemes straight, simple or compound, ascending. Spikelets large, 2.5-3.5(-4) mm long, plump, elliptic, awnless. Lower lemma acute to acuminate, rarely with a subulate mucro. Upper lemma 2-3 mm.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: pyramidalis: pyramidal (referring to the inflorescence)
Habitat:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Occurs in tropical and South Africa
Botswana distribution: N,SE
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 14.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Pages 56 - 57.

Isaiah, A.M. & Komi, T. (2015). Grasses in the Botswana National Botanic Garden South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria Page 14. as Echinochloa holubii (Includes a picture).

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 188.

Other sources of information about Echinochloa pyramidalis:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Echinochloa pyramidalis
Flora of Malawi: Echinochloa pyramidalis
Flora of Mozambique: Echinochloa pyramidalis
Flora of Zambia: Echinochloa pyramidalis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Echinochloa pyramidalis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Echinochloa pyramidalis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Echinochloa pyramidalis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Echinochloa pyramidalis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Echinochloa pyramidalis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Echinochloa pyramidalis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Echinochloa pyramidalis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Echinochloa pyramidalis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Echinochloa pyramidalis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Echinochloa pyramidalis
Ispot Southern Africa: Echinochloa pyramidalis
JSTOR Plant Science: Echinochloa pyramidalis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Echinochloa pyramidalis
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Echinochloa pyramidalis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Echinochloa pyramidalis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Echinochloa pyramidalis
Tropicos: Echinochloa pyramidalis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Echinochloa pyramidalis.
http://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=106700, retrieved 23 October 2017

Site software last modified: 26 December 2016 9:08pm
Terms of use