Amaranthus spinosus L.

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Amaranthus spinosus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Zambian bank, Katombora, Zambezi

Amaranthus spinosus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Zambian bank, Katombora, Zambezi

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Annual herb, mostly erect, up to 1.5 m. Leaves glabrous or with sparse hairs on the main veins below, long petiolate, up to 9 cm. The leaf axils bear pairs of fine and slender spines. Flowers green in axillary clusters and branched terminal spikes. Male flowers in the apical part of the spikes.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: spinosus: spiny
Habitat: A weed in disturbed or overgrazed areas, usually near water.
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Throughout tropical and subtropical regions of the world; also sporadic in warm temperate areas
Botswana distribution: N,SE
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 20 June 2015
Literature:

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 16.

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 21. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 21.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 195.

Townsend, C.C. (1988). Amaranthaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(1) Pages 48 - 52. (Includes a picture).

Wild, H. (undated, c. 1955). Common Rhodesian Weeds ?Government of Rhodesia, Salisbury Page 28. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Amaranthus spinosus:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Amaranthus spinosus
Flora of Malawi: Amaranthus spinosus
Flora of Mozambique: Amaranthus spinosus
Flora of Zambia: Amaranthus spinosus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Amaranthus spinosus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Amaranthus spinosus
African Plant Database: Amaranthus spinosus
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Amaranthus spinosus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Amaranthus spinosus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Amaranthus spinosus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Amaranthus spinosus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Amaranthus spinosus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Amaranthus spinosus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Amaranthus spinosus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Amaranthus spinosus
Ispot Southern Africa: Amaranthus spinosus
JSTOR Plant Science: Amaranthus spinosus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Amaranthus spinosus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Amaranthus spinosus
The Plant List (version 1.1): Amaranthus spinosus
Tropicos: Amaranthus spinosus


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Amaranthus spinosus.
http://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=122210, retrieved 23 October 2017

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