Erythroxylum zambesiacum N. Robson

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Erythroxylum zambesiacum

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Tiger Bay, Lake Kariba

Erythroxylum zambesiacum

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Tiger Bay, Lake Kariba

Erythroxylum zambesiacum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along western boundary road, Zambezi National Park.

Erythroxylum zambesiacum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along western boundary road, Zambezi National Park.

Erythroxylum zambesiacum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along western boundary road, Zambezi National Park.

Erythroxylum zambesiacum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along western boundary road, Zambezi National Park.

Erythroxylum zambesiacum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along western boundary road, Zambezi National Park.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: Zambezi coca tree (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small tree. Bark smooth and grey. Branches pendulous. Leaves obovate to oblong, thinly textured, pale green, veining prominent; stipules triangular, persistent. Flowers solitary or in small groups, axillary, white to yellowish, inconspicuous. Fruit a cylindric drupe, bright shiny red when ripe.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: zambesiacum: of the Zambezi region
Habitat: In dry woodland, on rocky hillsides and in riverine fringes.
Flowering time:Nov - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Zambia, Zimbabwe,northern Botswana and Caprivi-Namibia.
Botswana distribution: N
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 2 February 2017
Literature:

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 246.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 248.

Robson, N.K.B. (1963). Erythroxylaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 104 - 108. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 55.

Other sources of information about Erythroxylum zambesiacum:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Erythroxylum zambesiacum
Flora of Zambia: Erythroxylum zambesiacum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Erythroxylum zambesiacum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Erythroxylum zambesiacum
African Plant Database: Erythroxylum zambesiacum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Erythroxylum zambesiacum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Erythroxylum zambesiacum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Erythroxylum zambesiacum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Erythroxylum zambesiacum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Erythroxylum zambesiacum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Erythroxylum zambesiacum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Erythroxylum zambesiacum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Erythroxylum zambesiacum
Ispot Southern Africa: Erythroxylum zambesiacum
JSTOR Plant Science: Erythroxylum zambesiacum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Erythroxylum zambesiacum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Erythroxylum zambesiacum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Erythroxylum zambesiacum
Tropicos: Erythroxylum zambesiacum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Erythroxylum zambesiacum.
http://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=132930, retrieved 21 October 2017

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