Euphorbia hirta L.

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Euphorbia hirta

Photo: Sheila Gregory
Plot 82, Ruretse, NE of Gaborone, Botswana

Euphorbia hirta

Photo: Sheila Gregory
Plot 82, Ruretse, NE of Gaborone, Botswana

Euphorbia hirta

Photo: Sheila Gregory
Plot 82, Ruretse, NE of Gaborone, Botswana

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Chamaesyce hirta (L.) Millsp.
Euphorbia pilulifera sensu Boiss.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Introduced
Description:
Prostrate or ascending annual herb with branches up to 50 cm. A parts of the plant covered in short appressed hairs, interspersed with longer spreading hairs. Leaves ovate, 1-4 cm, often blotched with purple, particularly in the centre; margin finely toothed. Inflorescences terminal and axillary, spherical, 10-15 mm in diameter. Flowers unisexual, whitish, tinged with purple.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: hirta: hairy
Habitat: A weed of roadsides, cultivation and disturbed areas.
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Native to Central America; a pantropical weed
Botswana distribution: N,SE
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Achaea catella (Larval food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 11 September 2016
Literature:

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 70 - 71. (Includes a picture).

Carter, S. & Leach, L.C. (2001). Euphorbiaceae: subfamily Euphorbioideae: tribe Euphorbieae Flora Zambesiaca 9(5) Pages 345 - 346.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 126. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 56. as Chamaesyce hirta

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 207.

Wild, H. (undated, c. 1955). Common Rhodesian Weeds ?Government of Rhodesia, Salisbury Page 46. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Euphorbia hirta:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Euphorbia hirta
Flora of Malawi: Euphorbia hirta
Flora of Mozambique: Euphorbia hirta
Flora of Zambia: Euphorbia hirta
Flora of Zimbabwe: Euphorbia hirta

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Euphorbia hirta
African Plant Database: Euphorbia hirta
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Euphorbia hirta
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Euphorbia hirta
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Euphorbia hirta
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Euphorbia hirta
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Euphorbia hirta
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Euphorbia hirta
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Euphorbia hirta
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Euphorbia hirta
Ispot Southern Africa: Euphorbia hirta
JSTOR Plant Science: Euphorbia hirta
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Euphorbia hirta
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Euphorbia hirta
The Plant List (version 1.1): Euphorbia hirta
Tropicos: Euphorbia hirta


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Euphorbia hirta.
http://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=136040, retrieved 23 May 2017

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