Tetradenia riparia (Hochst.) Codd sensu lato[Agg]

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Tetradenia riparia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba rd before Bunga Forest, Vumba.

Tetradenia riparia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba rd before Bunga Forest, Vumba.

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Synonyms: Iboza multiflora (Benth.) E.A. Bruce
Iboza riparia (Hochst.) N.E. Br.
Common names: Ginger bush (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Herbaceous, deciduous shrub or small tree. Stems semi-succulent, brittle. Leaves ovate-oblong to rotund, variously covered with glandular hairs on both sides, the underside covered in whitish velvety hairs. Margins coarsely crenate-dentate. Inflorescences together forming large many-branched panicles, terminal, usually appearing when the plant is leafless. Flowers minute, pale to deep, mauve-pink or lilac, sometimes white, unisexual in different spikes within the same inflorescence.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: riparia: of riverbanks, although certainly not restricted to that habitat.
Habitat:
Flowering time:May - Aug
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Namibia, Swaziland and Limpopo, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Botswana distribution:
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 156 - 157. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 192. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 994.

Coates Palgrave, M. (1989). Guide to the trees and shrubs of the Mukuvisi Woodlands ?publisher. Page 29.

Codd, L.E. (1983). The genus Tetradenia Benth. (Lamiaceae) I. African species Bothalia 14(2) Pages 181 - 183. as Tetradenia riparia sensu lato (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 272. As Iboza multiflora and Iboza riparia

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 350 - 351. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 319. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 57.

Phillipson, P.B. & Steyn, C.F. (2008). Tetradenia (Lamiaceae) in Africa: new species and new combinations Adansonia series 3 30(1) Pages 190 - 192. as Tetradenia riparia sensu stricto

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 590 - 591. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 79.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 115.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 93. As Tetradenia riparia sensu lato

Other sources of information about Tetradenia riparia:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Tetradenia riparia
Flora of Mozambique: Tetradenia riparia
Flora of Zambia: Tetradenia riparia
Flora of Zimbabwe: Tetradenia riparia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Tetradenia riparia
African Plant Database: Tetradenia riparia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Tetradenia riparia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Tetradenia riparia
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Tetradenia riparia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Tetradenia riparia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Tetradenia riparia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Tetradenia riparia
iNaturalist: Tetradenia riparia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Tetradenia riparia
JSTOR Plant Science: Tetradenia riparia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Tetradenia riparia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Tetradenia riparia
Plants of the World Online: Tetradenia riparia
The Plant List (version 1.1): Tetradenia riparia
Tropicos: Tetradenia riparia
Wikipedia: Tetradenia riparia


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Tetradenia riparia.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=149530, retrieved 15 December 2019

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