Euphorbia tirucalli L.

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Euphorbia tirucalli

Photo: Tony Benn
Near Serowe, Botswana

Euphorbia tirucalli

Photo: Tony Benn
Near Serowe, Botswana

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Synonyms: Euphorbia media N.E. Br.
Euphorbia media N.E. Br. var. bagshawei N.E. Br.
Euphorbia rhipsaloides N.E. Br.
Euphorbia scoparia N.E. Br.
Common names: Rubber euphorbia (English) Rubber hedge plant (English)
Description: Unarmed, succulent shrub to 5 m, or a small tree to 12 m, with brittle succulent branches which are often whorled, c.7 mm thick, green with fine longitudinal white striations. Leaves few, linear-lanceolate to narrowly obovate, fleshy, present only on new growth and quickly deciduous. Cymes 2-6, congested at apices of branchlets, forking 2-4-times, producing cyathia, these usually either all male or all female. Cyathium c.3 × 4 mm; glands to 1.5 × 2 mm, 5, subspherical to transversely elliptic, bright yellow; lobes c.0.5 mm, triangular. Capsule c.8 × 8.5 mm, subspherical, glabrescent, exserted on a tomentose pedicel. Seeds 3.5 × 2.8 mm, ovoid, smooth.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, Madagascar, India and the Far East.
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m, shrub under 2 m.
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 10 September 2016
Literature:

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 456. (Includes a picture).

Carter, S. & Leach, L.C. (2001). Euphorbiaceae: subfamily Euphorbioideae: tribe Euphorbieae Flora Zambesiaca 9(5) Pages 391 - 392.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 639.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 253.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 90. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 41.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 57.

Other sources of information about Euphorbia tirucalli:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Euphorbia tirucalli
Flora of Caprivi: Euphorbia tirucalli
Flora of Malawi: Euphorbia tirucalli
Flora of Mozambique: Euphorbia tirucalli
Flora of Zambia: Euphorbia tirucalli
Flora of Zimbabwe: Euphorbia tirucalli
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Euphorbia tirucalli

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Euphorbia tirucalli
African Plant Database: Euphorbia tirucalli
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Euphorbia tirucalli
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Euphorbia tirucalli
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Euphorbia tirucalli
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Euphorbia tirucalli
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Euphorbia tirucalli
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Euphorbia tirucalli
iNaturalist: Euphorbia tirucalli
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Euphorbia tirucalli
JSTOR Plant Science: Euphorbia tirucalli
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Euphorbia tirucalli
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Euphorbia tirucalli
Plants of the World Online: Euphorbia tirucalli
The Plant List (version 1.1): Euphorbia tirucalli
Tropicos: Euphorbia tirucalli
Wikipedia: Euphorbia tirucalli


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Botswana: Cultivated Plants: Species information: Euphorbia tirucalli.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/cult/species.php?species_id=136400, retrieved 17 September 2019

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