Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Metachlamydeae: Lamiales

Orobanchaceae - Broomrape family

Byng, J.W. (2014) The Flowering Plants Handbook Plant Gateway Limited, Hertford, UK

Description of the family

Perennial, biennial or annual herbs, subshrubs or shrubs; usually root-hemiparasites (with chlorophyll) or holoparasites (without chlorophyll). Leaves simple, opposite or alternate (spiral), scale-like in holoparasites; margins entire, toothed or deeply lobed. Venation pinnate or palmate. Inflorescence of racemes, spikes or rarely solitary flowers. Flowers bisexual, zygomorphic. Sepals fused. Petals fused, imbricate, 2-lipped; upper lip 2-lobed, lower lip 3-lobed. Ovary superior; carpels fused. Seed a loculicidal or septicidal capsule, rarely a drupe, berry or schizocarp.

Worldwide: c. 98 genera and 2000 species, more or less cosmopolitan but especially in temperate Eurasia, tropical Africa, North America and South America, Australia and New Zealand.

Botswana: 6 genera and 23 taxa.

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Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Alectra Thunb.Description
Buchnera L.Description
Cycnium E. Mey. ex Benth.Description
Rhamphicarpa Benth.Description, Image
Sopubia Buch-Ham. ex D. DonDescription
Striga Lour.Description

Other sources of information about Orobanchaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Orobanchaceae
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Orobanchaceae
Flora of Malawi: Orobanchaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Orobanchaceae
Flora of Zambia: Orobanchaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Orobanchaceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Orobanchaceae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Orobanchaceae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Orobanchaceae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Orobanchaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Orobanchaceae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Orobanchaceae
JSTOR Plant Science: Orobanchaceae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Orobanchaceae
Wikipedia: Orobanchaceae
Plants of the World Online: Orobanchaceae
Tropicos: Orobanchaceae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Family page: Orobanchaceae.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=290, retrieved 25 June 2024

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