8031.000 Dicliptera Juss.


Darbyshire, I. & Vollesen, K. (2007) The transfer of the genus Peristrophe to Dicliptera (Acanthaceae), with a new species described from eastern Africa Kew Bulletin 62 119-128

Description of the genus

Annual or perennial herbs or suffrutices. Inflorescence axillary, consisting of umbel-like monochasical cymes. Primary bracts leaf-like. Calyx 5-lobed; lobes subequal or one lobe longer. Corolla 2-lipped, enclosed within 2 opposite bracts, resupinate, with clearly twisted tube; lip in upper position 3-toothed with indistinct rugula; lip in lower position entire or emarginate. Stamens 2; anthers 2-thecous, apiculate, exserted; staminodes 0. Ovary 2-locular.

Comment: Iain Darbyshire, in Flora Zambesiaca, 8(6), (2015) p. 250, comments that "species delimitation in tropical Africa is very challenging with a number of widespread species complexes. Identification of Dicliptera is most easily achieved by comparison to named material. Strong spot characters for separation of species are few, it usually being the combination of a suite of characters that enables species delimitation".

Worldwide: c. 175 species in tropical and warm areas

Botswana: 7 taxa.

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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
clinopodia NeesDescription, Image
decorticans (K. Balkwill) I. Darbysh.N,SEDescription, Image
maculata Nees subsp. hirta (K. Balkwill) I. Darbysh.N
minor C.B. Clarke subsp. minor SE
paniculata (Forssk.) I. Darbysh.N,SW,SE
transvaalensis C.B. ClarkeSE
verticillata (Forssk.) C. Chr.N,SEDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Dicliptera:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Dicliptera
Flora of Malawi: Dicliptera
Flora of Mozambique: Dicliptera
Flora of Zambia: Dicliptera
Flora of Zimbabwe: Dicliptera
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Dicliptera

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Dicliptera
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Dicliptera
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Dicliptera
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Dicliptera
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Dicliptera
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Dicliptera
JSTOR Plant Science: Dicliptera
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Dicliptera
Plants of the World Online: Dicliptera
Tropicos: Dicliptera
Wikipedia: Dicliptera

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Genus page: Dicliptera.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1350, retrieved 15 June 2024

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