8352.000 Canthium Lam.

Description of the genus

Shrubs or small trees, sometimes scrambling or climbing. Spines present in a few species. Leaves opposite, petiolate; domatia present or not. Flowers bisexual or unisexual, 4-5-merous, borne in pedunculate to subsessile few-many-flowered cymes. Calyx with linear to triangular lobes. Corolla white or yellowish; tube broadly cylindric; lobes reflexed or less often erect. Style exceeding the corolla tube, glabrous. Ovary 2(-3)-locular. Fruit a 2(-3)-seeded drupe, sometimes flattened; apex shallowly or deeply notched. Pyrenes ellipsoid to ovoid or obovoid, usually rugulose.

Worldwide: A poorly defined genus of c. 100 species in tropical Africa, South Africa, Madagascar and extending to Asia

Botswana: 2 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Jana eurymas (Banded monkey)
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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
armatum (K. Schum.) LantzDescription, Image
glaucum Hiern subsp. frangula (S. Moore) Bridson var. frangula NDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Canthium:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Canthium
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Canthium
Flora of Malawi: Canthium
Flora of Mozambique: Canthium
Flora of Zambia: Canthium
Flora of Zimbabwe: Canthium

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Canthium
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Canthium
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Canthium
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Canthium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Canthium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Canthium
JSTOR Plant Science: Canthium
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Canthium
Plants of the World Online: Canthium
Tropicos: Canthium
Wikipedia: Canthium

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Genus page: Canthium.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1400, retrieved 25 April 2024

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