G.584. Sorghum Moench

Description of the genus

Robust annuals or perennials. Leaves: lamina linear. Inflorescence a large terminal panicle, the branches bearing short racemes; internodes and pedicels filiform; spikelets of each pair different. Sessile spikelet dorsally flattened; lower glume ± coriaceous, broadly convex across the back, becoming 2-keeled and narrowly winged near the tip; lower floret reduced to a hyaline lemma; upper lemma hyaline, 2-dentate with a glabrous awn from the sinus. Pedicellate spikelet male or barren, narrower than the sessile and awnless.

Worldwide: 24 species in warm parts of the Old World including 1 species in Mexico

Botswana: 3 taxa.

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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
arundinaceum (Desv.) StapfN,SEDescription, Image
halepense (L.) Pers.Description
versicolor AnderssonN,SW,SEDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Sorghum:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Sorghum
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Sorghum
Flora of Malawi: Sorghum
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Sorghum
Flora of Mozambique: Sorghum
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Sorghum
Flora of Zambia: Sorghum
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Sorghum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Sorghum
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Sorghum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Sorghum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Sorghum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Sorghum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Sorghum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Sorghum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Sorghum
JSTOR Plant Science: Sorghum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Sorghum
Plants of the World Online: Sorghum
Tropicos: Sorghum
Wikipedia: Sorghum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Genus page: Sorghum.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=228, retrieved 25 May 2024

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