1026.000 Aloe L. - Aloe

CHORTOLIRION A. Berger

Carter, S. (2001) Aloaceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(3)

Fowler, D.G. (2007) Zambian Plants: Their Vernacular Names and Uses, Kew Publishing

Harding, T.B.C. (1979) Aloes of the World: A Checklist, Index and Code as at December 1979. Excelsa 9

Reynolds, G.W. (1966) The Aloes of Tropical Africa and Madagascar. The Aloes Book Fund, Mbabane, Swaziland.

Williamson, G. (2002) Notes on Zambian Aloes Aloe 39(3&4) 83-91

Description of the genus

Succulent perennials, sometimes large and shrub-like, but not dichotomously branched trees or large shrubs. Leaves borne in rosettes or distichous, usually stiff, succulent, with hard-toothed or spiny margins, spotted or unspotted; dried leaves persistent or not. Inflorescence variously branched or simple. Flowers usually brightly coloured, actinomorphic, only rarely ± 2-lipped, variously shaped, with or without a pronounced constriction above a bulbous basal swelling. A well known genus of mainly winter-flowering species.

Derivation of name: Aloe is the Greek name for Aloe vera, one of the bitter aloes of medicine.

Worldwide: c.365 species, tropics and especially southern Africa, Madagascar, Arabia and Canary Isles.

Botswana: 14 taxa.

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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
aculeata Pole EvansNDescription, Image
arborescens Mill.Description, Image
chabaudii Schönland var. chabaudii Description, Image
cryptopoda BakerDescription, Image
esculenta L.C. Leach NDescription, Image
excelsa A. Berger var. excelsa NDescription, Image
globuligemma Pole EvansNDescription
greatheadii Schönland var. greatheadii SEDescription, Image
hereroensis Engl.SW
littoralis BakerN,SE
lutescens Groenew.SEDescription, Image
marlothii A. Berger subsp. marlothii SE
welwitschii R.R. Klopper & Gideon F.Sm.
zebrina BakerN,SW,SEDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Aloe:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Aloe
Flora of Malawi: Aloe
Flora of Mozambique: Aloe
Flora of Zambia: Aloe
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Aloe
Flora of Zimbabwe: Aloe
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Aloe

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Aloe
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Aloe
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Aloe
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Aloe
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Aloe
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Aloe

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Botswana: Genus page: Aloe.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=340, retrieved 22 May 2019

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