4348.000 Croton L.

Description of the genus

Monoecious, or rarely dioecious, shrubs or trees with an indumentum of stellate hairs and/or peltate scales. Leaves alternate, sometimes subopposite or subwhorled, simple, petiolate, with 2 sessile or stalked discoid glands on the petiole or at the base of the lamina. Inflorescences terminal, sometimes axillary, either bisexual (the female flowers usually below the males) or unisexual. Male flowers: sepals (4-)5(-6), petals usually present, (4-)5(-6), rarely more; stamens central, 5-many. Female flowers: sepals narrower than the male flowers, petals often smaller, vestigial or 0. Ovary (2-)3(-4)-locular; styles 1-several times 2-fid. Fruit dehiscent with 3 valves or cocci or ± indehiscent.

Worldwide: c.750 species in tropical and warm areas.

Botswana: 7 taxa.

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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
gratissimus Burch. var. gratissimus N,SW,SEDescription, Image
gratissimus Burch. var. subgratissimus (Prain) Burtt DavySW,SEDescription
leuconeurus Pax subsp. leuconeurus NDescription, Image
megalobotrys Müll. Arg.N,SEDescription, Image
menyharthii PaxN,SW,SEDescription, Image
pseudopulchellus PaxDescription, Image
steenkampianus Gerstner

Other sources of information about Croton:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Croton
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Croton
Flora of Malawi: Croton
Flora of Mozambique: Croton
Flora of Zambia: Croton
Flora of Zimbabwe: Croton
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Croton

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Croton
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Croton
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Croton
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Croton
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Croton
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Croton
JSTOR Plant Science: Croton
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Croton
Plants of the World Online: Croton
Tropicos: Croton
Wikipedia: Croton

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Genus page: Croton.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=842, retrieved 25 June 2024

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