4503.000 Monadenium Pax

Carter, S. & Leach, L.C. (2001) Euphorbiaceae: subfamily Euphorbioideae: tribe Euphorbieae Flora Zambesiaca 9(5)

Description of the genus

Small trees, shrubs or perennial herbs with milky latex. Stems and branches succulent. Stipules 0 or modified as glands or spines. Leaves alternate, fleshy. Inflorescences axillary with sessile cyathia in dichotomously branching cymes, rarely solitary; bracts paired, persistent. Cyathium with glands forming an entire rim, notched on the lower side, surrounding 5-fringed lobes. Male flowers in 5 groups, bracteolate. Female flower stalked; ovary 3-locular; styles 3 with 2-fid stigmas. Fruit a 3-lobed capsule, exserted through the notch in the glandular rim, dehiscent. Seeds with a cap-like pale yellow caruncle, rarely ecarunculate.

Worldwide: Over 70 spp, occurring in eastern tropical Africa from Somalia in the north to the northern province of South Africa and west into Angola

Botswana: 1 taxon.

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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
lugardiae N.E. Br.NDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Monadenium:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Monadenium
Flora of Mozambique: Monadenium
Flora of Zambia: Monadenium
Flora of Zimbabwe: Monadenium

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Monadenium
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Monadenium
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Monadenium
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Monadenium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Monadenium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Monadenium
JSTOR Plant Science: Monadenium
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Monadenium
Plants of the World Online: Monadenium
Tropicos: Monadenium
Wikipedia: Monadenium

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Genus page: Monadenium.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=877, retrieved 15 June 2024

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