Typha capensis (Rohrb.) N.E. Br.

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Typha capensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam

Typha capensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam

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Synonyms: Typha australis N.E. Br.
Typha latifolia L. subsp. capensis Rohrb.
Common names: Bulrush (English)
Status: Native
Robust aquatic perennial, up to 2.5 m, growing from a thick creeping rhizome. Leaves long and strap-shaped; flowering stems with characteristic terminal inflorescences; sexes separate. Male flowers a more slender spike above the densely packed, minute female flowers. Male part short-lived, female part turning deep velvety brown.
Derivation of specific name: capensis: of the Cape
Habitat: A species of dams, marshes and water courses, often forming large colonies.
Flowering time:Sep - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Botswana, Namibia, DRC, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Eswatini and South Africa.
Botswana distribution: SE
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Catarino, L. & Martins, E.S. (2010). Typhaceae Flora Zambesiaca 13(4) Pages 89 - 90.

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 372. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 112.

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 112. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 148.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 29.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 193.

Other sources of information about Typha capensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Typha capensis
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Typha capensis
Flora of Malawi: Typha capensis
Flora of Mozambique: Typha capensis
Flora of Zambia: Typha capensis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Typha capensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Typha capensis
African Plant Database: Typha capensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Typha capensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Typha capensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Typha capensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Typha capensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Typha capensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Typha capensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Typha capensis
Plants of the World Online: Typha capensis
Tropicos: Typha capensis
Wikipedia: Typha capensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Typha capensis.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=103050, retrieved 25 June 2024

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