Sartidia angolensis (C.E. Hubb.) De Winter

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Synonyms: Aristida angolensis C. E. Hubb.
Aristida vanderystii sensu Stent & Rattray, non De Wild
Common names:
Perennial up to 1-2 m. high, densely caespitose, with numerous intervaginal innovations. Culms erect, c. 2 mm. in diam., simple, very firm, solid, terete, glabrous, striate. Leaf-sheaths lax, smooth, often somewhat glossy, estriate in the lower part, finely puberulous and striate upwards. Ligule a dense rim of short cilia; auricles barbate. Leaf-laminae up to 35 x 0·2-0·4 cm., pilose at the base, densely scaberulous above, finely puberulous below. Panicle up to 40 cm. long, rigid, erect, narrow, slightly contracted, with few spikelets; axis nearly glabrous, striate, compressed, branches solitary or 2-nate, smooth or nearly smooth, bearing 1-few spikelets towards the ends. Spikelets pale-brown to pale-green. Glumes subequal, narrowly linear-lanceolate, chartaceous below, with a membranous acute apex; the inferior 2·5-3·3 cm. long, 5-nerved; the superior c. 2·5 cm. long, 3-nerved. Lemma 1·8-2·2 cm. long (excluding callus and awns), linear, coriaceous, glabrous, very finely scaberulous, margins membranous and involute in the lower part; callus 3·5-4mm. long, elongate, acute, densely and shortly barbate; column absent; awns 3, subequal, 7·5-10 cm. long, scaberulous, flattened and slightly grooved on the inner surface. Palea c. 3 mm. long, oblong. Caryopsis 9 mm. long, linear, dorso-ventrally compressed, grooved, dark-brown.
Derivation of specific name: angolensis: of Angola
Habitat: In woodlands and burnt places in woodlands, usually on sandy soils
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, north-western south-western Africa, Botswana, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Botswana distribution:
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Launert, E. (1971). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(1) Pages 95 - 97. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 109.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 144.

Other sources of information about Sartidia angolensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Sartidia angolensis
Flora of Zambia: Sartidia angolensis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Sartidia angolensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Sartidia angolensis
African Plant Database: Sartidia angolensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Sartidia angolensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Sartidia angolensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Sartidia angolensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Sartidia angolensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Sartidia angolensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Sartidia angolensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Sartidia angolensis
Plants of the World Online: Sartidia angolensis
Tropicos: Sartidia angolensis
Wikipedia: Sartidia angolensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Sartidia angolensis., retrieved 25 June 2024

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