Trichoneura grandiglumis (Nees) Ekman

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Synonyms: Crossotropis grandiglumis (Nees) Rendle
Crossotropis grandiglumis var. minor Rendle
Diplachne grandiglumis (Nees) Hack.
Leptochloa grandiglumis Nees
Trichoneura grandiglumis (Nees) Ekman var. minor (Rendle) Chippind.
Common names: Small rolling grass (English) Tumble grass (English)
Status: Native
Caespitose perennial; culms up to 60(85) cm tall, erect or ascending; leaf laminas (3)5–12(17) cm × (1)2–6 mm, linear, flat or convolute, acute at the apex and sometimes pungent.Inflorescence 8.5–40 cm long, ovate to broadly pyramidal, open; racemes 8–30, 4–20 cm long, stiff and straight, divaricate and often horizontally spreading from the axis, the spikelets distant by ± their own length.Spikelets 4.5–8.5 mm long, 3–7-flowered, often purplish; glumes caudate or subulate and tapering into an awn up to 2 mm long, exceeding the florets or rarely fractionally shorter, the inferior linear-lanceolate, the superior linear-oblong; lemmas 3.5–4.5 mm long, narrowly elliptic-oblong, appressed-pilose on the back; palea capitate-pilose.
Derivation of specific name: grandiglumis: with large glumes
Habitat: Dry grassland, grassland with scattered trees and in shady patches in woodland; also in disturbed and overgrazed areas
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Africa south of the Congo River Basin
Botswana distribution: N,SE
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 35. As Trichoneura grandiglumis grandiglumis

Cope, T.A. (1999). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(2) Pages 43 - 45. (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 444. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 111.

Roodt, V. (2015). Grasses & Grazers of Botswana and the surrounding savanna Struik Nature, South Africa Pages 218 - 219. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 147.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 28.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 192.

Other sources of information about Trichoneura grandiglumis:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Trichoneura grandiglumis
Flora of Mozambique: Trichoneura grandiglumis
Flora of Zambia: Trichoneura grandiglumis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Trichoneura grandiglumis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Trichoneura grandiglumis
African Plant Database: Trichoneura grandiglumis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Trichoneura grandiglumis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Trichoneura grandiglumis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Trichoneura grandiglumis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Trichoneura grandiglumis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Trichoneura grandiglumis
JSTOR Plant Science: Trichoneura grandiglumis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Trichoneura grandiglumis
Plants of the World Online: Trichoneura grandiglumis
Tropicos: Trichoneura grandiglumis
Wikipedia: Trichoneura grandiglumis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Trichoneura grandiglumis., retrieved 22 July 2024

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