Chloris roxburghiana Schult.

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Synonyms: Chloris myriostachya Hochst.
Chloris polystachya Roxb.
Common names: Plume chloris (English)
Status: Native
Caespitose perennial up to 150 cm tall, erect or ascending; leaf laminas flat or folded, 6–45 cm × 2–8 mm, tapering to a fine point.Inflorescence a compact purplish or yellowish feathery head of numerous racemes 6.5–13 cm long borne on an axis 6–18 cm long.Spikelets 2–4-flowered, 2–4-awned; inferior glume 1–1.5 mm long; superior glume 1.6–2 mm long; floret callus rounded; fertile lemma 1.5–2 mm long, elliptic in profile, pallid, sparsely ciliate on the margins and keel, the awn 9–11 mm long; 2nd–4th lemmas projecting from the side of the fertile lemma, progressively smaller, reduced to elliptic glabrous awned scales.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In mopane and mixed dry woodlands on granite sands, often on termitaria, in Kalahari Sand wooded grassland, and on rocky hillsides and outcrops
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Tanzania, uganda, Kenya, Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Arabia to southern India
Botswana distribution: N,SE
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 13.

Cope, T.A. (1999). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(2) Pages 209 - 210.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 101.

Roodt, V. (2015). Grasses & Grazers of Botswana and the surrounding savanna Struik Nature, South Africa Pages 66 - 67. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 133.

Other sources of information about Chloris roxburghiana:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Chloris roxburghiana
Flora of Mozambique: Chloris roxburghiana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Chloris roxburghiana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Chloris roxburghiana
African Plant Database: Chloris roxburghiana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Chloris roxburghiana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Chloris roxburghiana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Chloris roxburghiana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Chloris roxburghiana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Chloris roxburghiana
JSTOR Plant Science: Chloris roxburghiana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Chloris roxburghiana
Plants of the World Online: Chloris roxburghiana
Tropicos: Chloris roxburghiana
Wikipedia: Chloris roxburghiana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Chloris roxburghiana., retrieved 19 June 2024

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