Enteropogon macrostachyus (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Munro ex Benth.

Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images (3)

Enteropogon macrostachyus

Photo: Petra Ballings
Maleme Dam Rest Camp, Matobo National Park

Enteropogon macrostachyus

Photo: Petra Ballings
Maleme Dam Rest Camp, Matobo National Park

Enteropogon macrostachyus

Photo: Petra Ballings
Maleme Dam Rest Camp, Matobo National Park

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Chloris macrostachya Hochst. ex A. Rich.
Chloris simplex Schumach.
Enteropogon simplex (Schumach.) A. Chev.
Common names: Mopane grass (English) Needlegrass (English)
Status: Native
Caespitose perennial with short ascending rhizome; culms up to 90 cm tall; leaf sheaths keeled, glabrous; leaf laminas (6)16–30 cm × 1–7 mm, flat or involute.Raceme 12–19 cm long.Spikelets 3-flowered, the lowermost floret fertile, the other 2 sterile.Glumes lanceolate, the inferior 3–7 mm long, the superior 6–8 mm long; lemma of fertile floret 6.5–7.8 mm long, with an awn 10–14 mm long; 2nd lemma similar to the fertile but smaller, 3.6–5 mm long, with an awn 6–10 mm long; 3rd lemma c. 1 mm long, with an awn 7–8 mm long.
Derivation of specific name: macrostachyus: large-spiked
Habitat: In mopane, miombo and other deciduous woodland, in shade and often on termite mounds.
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical and southern Africa.
Botswana distribution: N,SE
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 24.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 15.

Cope, T.A. (1999). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(2) Pages 216 - 218.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 428. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 38.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 103.

Roodt, V. (2015). Grasses & Grazers of Botswana and the surrounding savanna Struik Nature, South Africa Pages 100 - 101. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 136.

Other sources of information about Enteropogon macrostachyus:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Enteropogon macrostachyus
Flora of Malawi: Enteropogon macrostachyus
Flora of Mozambique: Enteropogon macrostachyus
Flora of Zambia: Enteropogon macrostachyus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Enteropogon macrostachyus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Enteropogon macrostachyus
African Plant Database: Enteropogon macrostachyus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Enteropogon macrostachyus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Enteropogon macrostachyus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Enteropogon macrostachyus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Enteropogon macrostachyus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Enteropogon macrostachyus
JSTOR Plant Science: Enteropogon macrostachyus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Enteropogon macrostachyus
Plants of the World Online: Enteropogon macrostachyus
Tropicos: Enteropogon macrostachyus
Wikipedia: Enteropogon macrostachyus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Enteropogon macrostachyus.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=105760, retrieved 15 June 2024

Site software last modified: 2 April 2018 9:51pm
Terms of use