Echinochloa haploclada (Stapf) Stapf

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Synonyms: Echinochloa aristifera (Peter) Robyns & Tournay
Panicum aristiferum Peter
Panicum haplocladum Stapf
Common names:
Tussocky perennial. Culms 30–300 cm. high, arising from a short oblique rhizome, often wiry; ligule absent or a line of hairs; leaf laminae occasionally marked with purple bars. Inflorescence 7–25 cm. long, lanceolate (occasionally linear); racemes 1–5 cm. long, densely crowded with appressed spikelets. Spikelets small, 1.5–2.5(3) mm. long, subglobose to elliptic, ± hispid. Inferior floret male, its lemma acute or with a short curved awn up to 5(15) mm. long. Superior lemma 1.5–2.3 mm. long.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Stream banks, dry river beds, alluvial flood plains and black clays
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe northwards to DRC, Sudan and Ethiopia
Botswana distribution:
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Page 56.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 37.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 103.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 135.

Other sources of information about Echinochloa haploclada:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Echinochloa haploclada
Flora of Mozambique: Echinochloa haploclada
Flora of Zambia: Echinochloa haploclada
Flora of Zimbabwe: Echinochloa haploclada

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Echinochloa haploclada
African Plant Database: Echinochloa haploclada
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Echinochloa haploclada
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Echinochloa haploclada
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Echinochloa haploclada
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Echinochloa haploclada
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Echinochloa haploclada
JSTOR Plant Science: Echinochloa haploclada
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Echinochloa haploclada
Plants of the World Online: Echinochloa haploclada
Tropicos: Echinochloa haploclada
Wikipedia: Echinochloa haploclada

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Echinochloa haploclada., retrieved 25 June 2024

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