Melinis kallimorpha (Clayton) Zizka

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Melinis kallimorpha

Photo: Kevin Dunham
Shangani Ranch, Mahwe Section

Melinis kallimorpha

Photo: Kevin Dunham
Shangani Ranch, Mahwe Section

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Synonyms: Rhynchelytrum kallimorphon Clayton
Common names:
Tufted annual to short-lived perennial. Culms 40–100 cm. high, geniculately ascending. Leaf laminae 4–16 cm. long, 2–4(5) mm. wide, flat. Panicle 5–12 cm. long, linear in outline. Pedicels glabrous, attached laterally to the base of the spikelet. Spikelets 3.5–5 mm. long, ovate. Inferior glume 0.7–1.5(1.7) mm. long, ovate, separated from the superior by an internode 0.4–0.7(0.9) mm. long; superior glume 5-nerved, gibbous on the back, coriaceous with the nerves slightly raised, without a distinct membranous beak, broadly ovate, emarginate, awned. Inferior floret male, its lemma 5-nerved, resembling the superior glume but less gibbous, the palea ciliate on its keels.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: On Kalahari Sand in Brachystegia, Colophospermum and Baikiaea wooded grassland
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Botswana, Kenya, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Botswana distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Page 119.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 477. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 106.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 140.

Timberlake, J., Darbyshire, I., Wursten, B., Hadj-Hammou, J., Ballings, P., Mapaura, A., Matimele, H., Banze, A., Chipanga, H., Muassinar, D., Massunde, J., Chelene, I., Osborne, J., Shah, T. (2016). Chimanimani Mountains: Botany and Conservation. Report produced under CEPF Grant 63512. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London. Page 47.

Other sources of information about Melinis kallimorpha:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Melinis kallimorpha
Flora of Mozambique: Melinis kallimorpha
Flora of Zambia: Melinis kallimorpha
Flora of Zimbabwe: Melinis kallimorpha

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Melinis kallimorpha
African Plant Database: Melinis kallimorpha
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Melinis kallimorpha
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Melinis kallimorpha
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Melinis kallimorpha
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Melinis kallimorpha
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Melinis kallimorpha
JSTOR Plant Science: Melinis kallimorpha
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Melinis kallimorpha
Plants of the World Online: Melinis kallimorpha
Tropicos: Melinis kallimorpha
Wikipedia: Melinis kallimorpha

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Melinis kallimorpha., retrieved 25 July 2024

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