Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeusch.

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Imperata cylindrica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Greystone Park NR

Imperata cylindrica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam, Harare

Imperata cylindrica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Old cottages at Katiyo Tea Estate

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Imperata arundinacea Cirillo
Common names: Cottonwool grass (English) Kwenyama (Setswana) Silver spike (English)
Frequency:
Status:
Description:
A water loving creeping grass, spreading with long rhizomes and often forming dense stands. The inflorescences are silvery and narrow when young, opening up into broad cottonwool spikes later.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: cylindrica: cylindric
Habitat:
Flowering time:Aug - Jun
Worldwide distribution: Throughout the Old World tropics, extending to the Mediterranean region, SW Asia and Chile
Botswana distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Cnaphalocrocis trapezalis (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 353. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 21.

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Pages 10 - 12. (Includes a picture).

Roodt, V. (2015). Grasses & Grazers of Botswana and the surrounding savanna Struik Nature, South Africa Pages 144 - 145. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 139.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 149.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 190.

Other sources of information about Imperata cylindrica:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Imperata cylindrica
Flora of Malawi: Imperata cylindrica
Flora of Mozambique: Imperata cylindrica
Flora of Zambia: Imperata cylindrica
Flora of Zimbabwe: Imperata cylindrica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Imperata cylindrica
African Plant Database: Imperata cylindrica
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Imperata cylindrica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Imperata cylindrica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Imperata cylindrica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Imperata cylindrica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Imperata cylindrica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Imperata cylindrica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Imperata cylindrica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Imperata cylindrica
Ispot Southern Africa: Imperata cylindrica
JSTOR Plant Science: Imperata cylindrica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Imperata cylindrica
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Imperata cylindrica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Imperata cylindrica
The Plant List (version 1.1): Imperata cylindrica
Tropicos: Imperata cylindrica


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Imperata cylindrica.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=108200, retrieved 17 July 2018

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