Eulalia aurea (Bory) Kunth

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Eulalia aurea

Photo: Bart Wursten
Borrowdale Common

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Synonyms: Andropogon aureus Bory
Eulalia elata Peter
Eulalia elata var. hirsuta Peter
Eulalia ferruginea Stapf
Eulalia geniculata Stapf
Pogonatherum aureum (Bory) Roberty
Pollinia homblei De Wild.
Common names:
Perennial. Culms 50–150 cm high, ascending from a tuft or geniculately decumbent and mat-forming. Leaf laminas 3–6 mm wide, glabrous, acuminate to a filiform apex. Inflorescence of 2–4(15) racemes each 3–14 cm long, villous with rusty-brown to golden hairs. Spikelets 3.5–4.5 mm long, narrowly elliptic-oblong. Inferior glume convex on the back, with 2–3 faint intercarinal nerves, brown, fulvously pilose, truncate. Inferior lemma reduced to a little scale or absent. Superior lemma bifid for 1/3 its length, with or without a puberulous awn up to 20 mm long.
Notes: Perennial grass, up to 1.5m tall, sometimes tufted but also mat-forming. Inflorescences and spikelets with rusty-brown or golden hairs.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Seasonal swamps
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: From East Africa southwards to South Africa; also Réunion and Australia
Botswana distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 16.

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Page 13.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 456. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 41. As Eulalia geniculata

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 105.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 138.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 189.

Other sources of information about Eulalia aurea:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Eulalia aurea
Flora of Malawi: Eulalia aurea
Flora of Mozambique: Eulalia aurea
Flora of Zambia: Eulalia aurea
Flora of Zimbabwe: Eulalia aurea

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eulalia aurea
African Plant Database: Eulalia aurea
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eulalia aurea
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eulalia aurea
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eulalia aurea
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Eulalia aurea
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eulalia aurea
JSTOR Plant Science: Eulalia aurea
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eulalia aurea
Plants of the World Online: Eulalia aurea
Tropicos: Eulalia aurea
Wikipedia: Eulalia aurea

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Eulalia aurea., retrieved 23 July 2024

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