Dichanthium annulatum (Forssk.) Stapf
var. papillosum (A. Rich.) de Wet & Harlan

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Synonyms: Andropogon papillosus Hochst. ex A.Rich.
Dichanthium papillosum (A. Rich.) Stapf
Common names: Blue grama (English) Vlei finger grass (English)
Status: Native
See var. annulatum for a general description. Var. papillosum is distinguished by the lower glume of the sessile spikelet being pilose to villous with a distinct subapical fringe of bulbous-based hairs.
Derivation of specific name: annulatum: having a ring; papillosum: bearing papillae.
Habitat: Dry open places, subject to overgrazing or disturbance; also in swampy depressions.
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: From Ethiopia to South Africa.
Botswana distribution: N,SE
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 13.

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Page 40.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 34. As Dichanthium papillosum

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 102.

Roodt, V. (2015). Grasses & Grazers of Botswana and the surrounding savanna Struik Nature, South Africa Pages 80 - 81. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 134.

Other sources of information about Dichanthium annulatum var. papillosum:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Dichanthium annulatum var. papillosum
Flora of Malawi: Dichanthium annulatum var. papillosum
Flora of Mozambique: Dichanthium annulatum var. papillosum
Flora of Zambia: Dichanthium annulatum var. papillosum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Dichanthium annulatum var. papillosum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Dichanthium annulatum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Dichanthium annulatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Dichanthium annulatum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Dichanthium annulatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Dichanthium annulatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Dichanthium annulatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Dichanthium annulatum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Dichanthium annulatum
Plants of the World Online: Dichanthium annulatum
Tropicos: Dichanthium annulatum
Wikipedia: Dichanthium annulatum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Dichanthium annulatum var. papillosum.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=108350, retrieved 21 May 2024

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