Bothriochloa insculpta (A. Rich.) A. Camus

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Bothriochloa insculpta

Photo: Bart Wursten
Alexandra Park, Harare

Bothriochloa insculpta

Photo: Mark Hyde
Lodge 147, Mazvikadei

Bothriochloa insculpta

Photo: Mark Hyde
Lodge 147, Mazvikadei

Bothriochloa insculpta

Photo: Mark Hyde
Lodge 147, Mazvikadei

Bothriochloa insculpta

Photo: Mark Hyde
Lodge 147, Mazvikadei

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Amphilophis insculpta (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Stapf
Andropogon insculptus Hochst. ex A. Rich.
Andropogon pertusus (L.) Willd.
Andropogon pertusus var. capensis Hack.
Andropogon pertusus var. insculptus (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Hack. A. & C.
Bothriochloa pertusa (L.) A. Camus
Dichanthium insculptum (A. Rich.) Clayton
Common names: Moseka (Setswana) Mosela o mogolo (Setswana) Pinhole grass (English)
Status: Native
Caespitose perennial; culms up to 200 cm high, either decumbent and rambling or developing into stout woody stolons, branching and rooting at the nodes; nodes barbate with white hairs; internodes channelled on one side; leaf sheaths glabrous, tightly clasping the internodes, barbate at the mouth; ligule membranous; leaf laminas 4–30 cm × 2–8 mm, glabrous on both sides, occasionally with tubercle-based hairs below, rough on the margins. Inflorescence of 3–20 subdigitate peduncled racemes; main axis up to 3 cm long, shorter than the lowermost racemes; raceme peduncles glabrous; racemes up to 10 cm long, but variable; rhachis internodes and pedicels pilose on the margins, the hairs increasing in length upwards to c. 3 mm. Sessile spikelet c. 4.5 mm long, narrowly elliptic; callus c. 0.5 mm long, barbate, obtuse; inferior glume with a single deep pit on the back just above the middle, glabrous or pubescent to shortly pilose below, shortly ciliate on the keels towards the apex; superior glume narrowly lanceolate, sharply carinate, glabrous, minutely ciliate on the keel towards the apex; inferior floret empty, its lemma c. 3.5 mm long, broadly ovate; superior floret epaleate, the lemma c. 2 mm long, stipitiform, awned from the apex; awn c. 25 mm long, glabrous; anthers c. 1.8 mm long. Pedicelled spikelet c. 5 mm long, neuter, glabrous; inferior glume oblong, with 0–4 shallow slit-like pits, irregularly toothed at the apex, ciliate along the keels; superior glume lanceolate, delicate, ciliate on the margins; inferior lemma c. 3 mm long, oblong, truncate at the apex.
Notes: Perennial tufted grass, often with stolons. It is strongly aromatic when crushed. The culms have a conspicuous ring of white hairs at the nodes. The inflorescence is subdigitate, purple.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In overgrazed and disturbed places.
Flowering time:Oct - Jun
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, Arabia and India; introduced in Australia.
Botswana distribution: N,SE
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 10.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 6.

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Pages 47 - 48.

Isaiah, A.M. & Komi, T. (2015). Grasses in the Botswana National Botanic Garden South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria Page 5. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 31. Also as Bothriochloa pertusa

Klaassen Esmerialda, E.S. & Craven P. (2003). Checklist of grasses in Namibia SABONET Report No. 20 Page 15.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 100.

Roodt, V. (2015). Grasses & Grazers of Botswana and the surrounding savanna Struik Nature, South Africa Pages 52 - 53. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2000). Notes on the grass subtribe Sorghinae (Poaceae: Andropogoneae) in the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia 17(2) Page 145.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 132.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 27.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 187.

Other sources of information about Bothriochloa insculpta:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Bothriochloa insculpta
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Bothriochloa insculpta
Flora of Malawi: Bothriochloa insculpta
Flora of Mozambique: Bothriochloa insculpta
Flora of Zambia: Bothriochloa insculpta
Flora of Zimbabwe: Bothriochloa insculpta

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Bothriochloa insculpta
African Plant Database: Bothriochloa insculpta
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Bothriochloa insculpta
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Bothriochloa insculpta
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Bothriochloa insculpta
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Bothriochloa insculpta
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Bothriochloa insculpta
JSTOR Plant Science: Bothriochloa insculpta
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Bothriochloa insculpta
Plants of the World Online: Bothriochloa insculpta
Tropicos: Bothriochloa insculpta
Wikipedia: Bothriochloa insculpta

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Bothriochloa insculpta., retrieved 25 July 2024

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