Andropogon schirensis Hochst. ex A. Rich.

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Synonyms: Andropogon dummeri Stapf
Andropogon ravus J.G. Anderson
Andropogon schirensis var. angustifolius Stapf
Andropogon schirensis var. natalensis Hack.
Common names:
Status: Native
Densely caespitose perennial; culms up to 200 cm high, erect, branched, sometimes glaucous, tinged with purple or dark red. Leaves glabrous, occasionally densely long-pilose; ligule a minute (0.5–1 mm) fimbriate membrane; laminas 10–26(30) cm × 2–(12) mm, flat, tapering at the apex, sometimes abruptly so, to a very fine point. Racemes in terminal pairs, rarely in threes, 5–20 cm long, clearly exserted from the spatheoles, dark red, the pedicelled spikelets clearly imbricate on one side; peduncles much longer than the racemes; internodes and pedicels clavate, ciliate on both margins, the internodes bilobed at the apex. Sessile spikelet 4.3–8.5 mm long, strongly compressed between internode and pedicel, the conical callus deeply inserted in the internode apex; inferior glume with a ± deep median groove, glabrous; superior glume convex on the back, awnless; superior lemma bifid to the middle; awn bigeniculate, 22–40 mm long; anthers 2.5–4.5 mm long (longer in the pedicelled spikelet), straw-coloured or dark red. Pedicelled spikelet male, 6–11 mm long, clearly longer than the sessile, papery, purplish to dark red, awnless or occasionally mucronate.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Woodland, grassland and savanna, in wet or dry soils, and in cultivated fields
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Throughout tropical and southern Africa
Botswana distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 338. (Includes a picture).

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Pages 71 - 73. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Pages 28 - 29.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 29. As Andropogon schirensis angustifolia

Klaassen Esmerialda, E.S. & Craven P. (2003). Checklist of grasses in Namibia SABONET Report No. 20 Page 9.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 99.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 130.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 27.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 145.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 85.

Other sources of information about Andropogon schirensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Andropogon schirensis
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Andropogon schirensis
Flora of Malawi: Andropogon schirensis
Flora of Mozambique: Andropogon schirensis
Flora of Zambia: Andropogon schirensis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Andropogon schirensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Andropogon schirensis
African Plant Database: Andropogon schirensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Andropogon schirensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Andropogon schirensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Andropogon schirensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Andropogon schirensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Andropogon schirensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Andropogon schirensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Andropogon schirensis
Plants of the World Online: Andropogon schirensis
Tropicos: Andropogon schirensis
Wikipedia: Andropogon schirensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Andropogon schirensis., retrieved 30 May 2024

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