Schizachyrium exile (Hochst.) Pilg.

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Synonyms: Andropogon exilis Hochst.
Schizachyrium inclusum Stent
Common names:
Status: Native
Loosely caespitose annual; culms up to 85(110) cm high, erect branched. Leaf sheaths much shorter than the internodes, glabrous; laminas 4–17 cm × 1–4 mm, tapering to a fine point at the apex. Racemes 2–7 cm long, ± stout, cylindrical, subsessile, usually enclosed by the broad spatheole for most of their length; peduncles shorter than the racemes; internodes and pedicels broad and canaliculate; spikelet base, internode, pedicel and inferior glume often with hairs up to 2.5 mm long. Sessile spikelet 4.7–7 mm long, 1/4 as long again as the pedicel, narrowly lanceolate, laterally compressed, very pointed at the base; inferior glume strongly convex, the margins strongly inrolled; superior lemma bifid almost to the base; awn 9–20 mm long, geniculate; anthers 0.4–0.6 mm long. Pedicelled spikelet reduced to an awned vestigial glume 0.8–2.4 mm long; awn 3.5–6 mm long.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Barren rocky hillsides, sometimes in damp soil, in cultivated fields, and along roadsides
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Old World tropics
Botswana distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Page 85.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 57.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 109.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 144.

Other sources of information about Schizachyrium exile:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Schizachyrium exile
Flora of Malawi: Schizachyrium exile
Flora of Mozambique: Schizachyrium exile
Flora of Zambia: Schizachyrium exile
Flora of Zimbabwe: Schizachyrium exile

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Schizachyrium exile
African Plant Database: Schizachyrium exile
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Schizachyrium exile
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Schizachyrium exile
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Schizachyrium exile
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Schizachyrium exile
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Schizachyrium exile
JSTOR Plant Science: Schizachyrium exile
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Schizachyrium exile
Plants of the World Online: Schizachyrium exile
Tropicos: Schizachyrium exile
Wikipedia: Schizachyrium exile

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Schizachyrium exile., retrieved 30 May 2024

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