Hyparrhenia poecilotricha (Hack.) Stapf

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Synonyms: Andropogon buchananii Stapf
Andropogon pleiarthron Stapf
Andropogon poecilotrichus Hack.
Cymbopogon pleiarthron (Stapf) Stapf ex Burtt Davy
Hyparrhenia buchananii (Stapf) Stapf ex Stent
Hyparrhenia familiaris var. pilosa Robyns
Common names:
Perennial; culms up to 130 cm high. Leaf sheaths glabrous or very rarely loosely pilose; leaf laminas up to 30 cm × 3 mm, rigid. False panicle up to 30 cm long, lax and open; spatheoles 4–8 cm long, linear; peduncles about as long as the spatheoles, glabrous or with whitish or yellowish hairs towards the apex; racemes 1.5–2 cm long, 4–7-awned per pair, fulvously pilose, terminally exserted, not or tardily deflexed; raceme-bases unequal, the superior 3.5–7 mm long, terete, glabrous or rarely loosely and thinly pilose, the articulation with the peduncle glabrous. Homogamous spikelets similar to the pedicelled spikelets, 1 or very rarely 2 pairs at the base of the inferior raceme and 2 (or sometimes only 1) at the base of the superior, the number usually variable within the same panicle. Sessile spikelets 5.5–7 mm long; callus 1–2 mm long, acute to pungent; inferior glume narrowly lanceolate, pubescent with fulvous or yellow hairs; awn 2.5–4 cm long, the column rufously pubescent. Pedicelled spikelets 4–7 mm long, narrowly lanceolate, usually with an awn-point up to 2 mm long at the apex; callus absent; pedicel-tooth up to 0.2 mm long, triangular.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Growing in deciduous bushland and in dambos
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Tropical and South Africa, but mostly on the eastern side
Botswana distribution:
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 21.

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Pages 105 - 106.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 105.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 139.

Other sources of information about Hyparrhenia poecilotricha:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Hyparrhenia poecilotricha
Flora of Malawi: Hyparrhenia poecilotricha
Flora of Mozambique: Hyparrhenia poecilotricha
Flora of Zambia: Hyparrhenia poecilotricha
Flora of Zimbabwe: Hyparrhenia poecilotricha

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hyparrhenia poecilotricha
African Plant Database: Hyparrhenia poecilotricha
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hyparrhenia poecilotricha
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hyparrhenia poecilotricha
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hyparrhenia poecilotricha
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Hyparrhenia poecilotricha
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hyparrhenia poecilotricha
JSTOR Plant Science: Hyparrhenia poecilotricha
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hyparrhenia poecilotricha
Plants of the World Online: Hyparrhenia poecilotricha
Tropicos: Hyparrhenia poecilotricha
Wikipedia: Hyparrhenia poecilotricha

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Hyparrhenia poecilotricha.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=108960, retrieved 15 June 2024

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