Monocymbium ceresiiforme (Nees) Stapf

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Monocymbium ceresiiforme

Photo: Bart Wursten
Rd to World's View, Nyanga

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Synonyms: Andropogon ceresiiformis Nees
Andropogon ceresiiformis var. breviaristatus Hack.
Andropogon ceresiiformis var. hirtellus Franch.
Andropogon ceresiiformis var. submuticus Hack.
Hypogynium ceresiiforme (Nees) Roberty
Monocymbium nimbanum Jacq.-Fél.
Common names: Oat grass (English)
Status: Native
Perennial of variable habit ranging from plants up to 130 cm high with weak culms easily lodged by rain and sometimes straggling, to plants scarcely exceeding 30 cm with wiry culms arising from a basal tussock of leaves mixed with the fibrous remains of old sheaths; leaf laminas 5–25 cm × 2–5 mm, glabrous or pilose. False panicle linear, open; spatheoles 2–4 cm long, narrowly lanceolate, reddish-brown. Sessile spikelet 3–4 mm long, elliptic; callus longer than wide, pilose on both sides and at the base; inferior glume softly pilose to villous; superior glume with an awn 2–6 mm long; superior lemma with an awn 6–20 mm long. Pedicelled spikelet similar to the sessile spikelet, but awnless and with a callus 0.5–1 mm long.
Notes: Short, tufted grass, mostly less than 50 cm. Inflorescence of several racemes, each largely covered by an orange to purple-brown spathe.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Grasslands on a wide variety of soils including those contaminated by heavy metals around copper mines
Flowering time:Jan - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Tropical and South Africa
Botswana distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 354. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 39.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 26.

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Pages 143 - 145. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 49.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 107.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 141.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 150.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 190.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 86.

Other sources of information about Monocymbium ceresiiforme:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Monocymbium ceresiiforme
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Monocymbium ceresiiforme
Flora of Malawi: Monocymbium ceresiiforme
Flora of Mozambique: Monocymbium ceresiiforme
Flora of Zambia: Monocymbium ceresiiforme
Flora of Zimbabwe: Monocymbium ceresiiforme

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Monocymbium ceresiiforme
African Plant Database: Monocymbium ceresiiforme
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Monocymbium ceresiiforme
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Monocymbium ceresiiforme
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Monocymbium ceresiiforme
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Monocymbium ceresiiforme
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Monocymbium ceresiiforme
JSTOR Plant Science: Monocymbium ceresiiforme
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Monocymbium ceresiiforme
Plants of the World Online: Monocymbium ceresiiforme
Tropicos: Monocymbium ceresiiforme
Wikipedia: Monocymbium ceresiiforme

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Monocymbium ceresiiforme., retrieved 24 July 2024

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