Heteranthera callifolia Rchb. ex Kunth

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Heteranthera callifolia

Photo: Ruth Baldwin-Paice
Bushbuck Pan, Muraga Wilderness, Charama Safari Lodge, Kadoma

Heteranthera callifolia

Photo: Ruth Baldwin-Paice
Bushbuck Pan, Muraga Wilderness, Charama Safari Lodge, Kadoma

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Synonyms: Heteranthera kotschiana Solms
Monochoria vaginalis sensu Kirk
Common names: Mud plantain (English)
Status: Native
Aquatic herb to 50 cm. Leaves: petioles ± erect, 6-15 cm long; lamina floating or emergent, ovate, cordate at base. Flowers sessile, glandular-hairy, borne in a spike, surrounded at base by a spathe and dilated petiole of a terminal leaf. Perianth: tube 5-12 mm long; lobes 6, white, blue or purple. Stamens 3, exserted. Capsule enclosed by persistent perianth.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In shallow, usually temporary, swamps, pools and pans.
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical and subtropical Africa.
Botswana distribution: N,SE
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 11 July 2015

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 366. (Includes a picture).

Catarino, L. & Martins, E.S. (2010). Pontederiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 13(2) Pages 74 - 76. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 112.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 148.

Other sources of information about Heteranthera callifolia:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Heteranthera callifolia
Flora of Malawi: Heteranthera callifolia
Flora of Mozambique: Heteranthera callifolia
Flora of Zambia: Heteranthera callifolia
Flora of Zimbabwe: Heteranthera callifolia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Heteranthera callifolia
African Plant Database: Heteranthera callifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Heteranthera callifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Heteranthera callifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Heteranthera callifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Heteranthera callifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Heteranthera callifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Heteranthera callifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Heteranthera callifolia
Plants of the World Online: Heteranthera callifolia
Tropicos: Heteranthera callifolia
Wikipedia: Heteranthera callifolia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Heteranthera callifolia.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=112990, retrieved 25 July 2024

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