Eucomis autumnalis (Mill.) Chitt.

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Eucomis autumnalis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Leopard Rock Game Reserve, Vumba

Eucomis autumnalis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bridal Veil Falls, Chimanimani

Eucomis autumnalis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bridal Veil Falls, Chimanimani

Eucomis autumnalis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chakoma, NE of Harare

Eucomis autumnalis

Photo: Petra Ballings
Nyangombe falls, Nyanga N.P.

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Synonyms: Eucomis undulata Aiton
Common names: Pineapple flower (English)
Status: Native
Perennial bulbous herb, growing an annual rosette of leaves and a cylindric inflorescence on a fleshy stem. The inflorescence is typically topped by a second, smaller rosette of leaves.
Derivation of specific name: autumnalis: in autumn, referring to the flowering time. In fact not appropriate to these plants, which in our region usually flower during the height of the summer rains.
Habitat: A species of vlei margins and grassland, woodland and moist rocky terrain, mostly in the wetter parts of the country.
Flowering time:Dec - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and South Africa.
Botswana distribution:
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 194 - 195. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 307. as Eucomis autumnalis autumnalis (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 25. As Eucomis autumnalis amaryllidifolia

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 126. As Eucomis zambesiaca

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 356. (Includes a picture).

Linley, K. & Baker, B. (1972). Flowers of the Veld Bundu Series Longman Zimbabwe Pages 15 - 16. As Eucomis undulata (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 91. as Eucomis autumnalis subsp. amaryllidifolia

Moriarty, A. (1975). Wild Flowers of Malawi Purnell & sons Cape Town. Page 21. As Eucomis undulata (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 115.

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 4, plate 16

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 123. as Eucomis autumnalis clavata

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 81.

Other sources of information about Eucomis autumnalis:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Eucomis autumnalis
Flora of Mozambique: Eucomis autumnalis
Flora of Zambia: Eucomis autumnalis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Eucomis autumnalis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eucomis autumnalis
African Plant Database: Eucomis autumnalis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eucomis autumnalis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eucomis autumnalis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eucomis autumnalis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Eucomis autumnalis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eucomis autumnalis
JSTOR Plant Science: Eucomis autumnalis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eucomis autumnalis
Plants of the World Online: Eucomis autumnalis
Tropicos: Eucomis autumnalis
Wikipedia: Eucomis autumnalis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Eucomis autumnalis., retrieved 25 June 2024

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