Crinum macowanii Baker

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Crinum macowanii

Photo: Bart Wursten
By last house in Tiger Kloof, near base of Cecil Kop, Mutare

Crinum macowanii

Photo: Colin Wenham
Malilangwe Wildlife Reserve

Crinum macowanii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Borrowdale Common, Harare

Crinum macowanii

Photo: Rob Burrett
Hillside Dams, Bulawayo

Crinum macowanii

Photo: Rob Burrett
Hillside Dams, Bulawayo

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Crinum johnstonii Baker
Crinum pedicellatum Pax
Common names: Common vlei-lily (English)
Status: Native
Bulb globose, up to 20 cm in diameter. Leaves in a rosette, blue-green or occasionally green, up to 118 × 4-22 cm broad, without a distinct scabrous midrib or keel; margin scabrid, slightly to markedly undulate. Flowers 2-18 per umbel. Perianth segments white with a pink keel. Fruits green fading to dull yellow. Seeds with a greyish, water-repellent outer covering over a green photosynthetic layer, variable in shape, floating in water.
Derivation of specific name: macowanii: Named after Peter MacOwan (1830-1909), English botanist and teacher who collected extensively in the Eastern Cape.
Habitat: In vleis and moist grassland
Flowering time:Oct - Jan
Worldwide distribution: From S Ethiopia to South Africa, including Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Botswana.
Botswana distribution: N,SE
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 200 - 201. (Includes a picture).

Bolnick, D. (2007). A Guide to the Common Wild Flowers of Zambia and Neighbouring Regions Revised Edition. WECS, Lusaka, Zambia

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 17.

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 249. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 84.

Moriarty, A. (1975). Wild Flowers of Malawi Purnell & sons Cape Town. Pages 3 - 4. As Crinum pedicellatum (Includes a picture).

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. N0. 11, plate 27 & 28

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 112.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 37.

Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2008). Amaryllidacae Flora Zambesiaca 13(1) Pages 129 - 130.

Other sources of information about Crinum macowanii:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Crinum macowanii
Flora of Mozambique: Crinum macowanii
Flora of Zambia: Crinum macowanii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Crinum macowanii
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Crinum macowanii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Crinum macowanii
African Plant Database: Crinum macowanii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Crinum macowanii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Crinum macowanii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Crinum macowanii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Crinum macowanii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Crinum macowanii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Crinum macowanii
iNaturalist: Crinum macowanii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Crinum macowanii
JSTOR Plant Science: Crinum macowanii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Crinum macowanii
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Crinum macowanii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Crinum macowanii
Plants of the World Online: Crinum macowanii
Tropicos: Crinum macowanii
Wikipedia: Crinum macowanii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Crinum macowanii., retrieved 27 March 2023

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