Babiana hypogea Burch.

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Babiana hypogea

Photo: Darrel Plowes

Babiana hypogea

Photo: Darrel Plowes

Babiana hypogea

Photo: Petra Ballings
Val D'Or

Babiana hypogea

Photo: Petra Ballings
Val D'Or

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Synonyms: Babiana bainesii Baker
Common names: Dwarf babiana (English)
Low growing perennial, 10 - 20 cm, with a subterranean stem growing from corms, sometimes forming clumps. Leaves 4-7, linear, up to 25 cm, plicate with hairs on the ribs. Leaves normally overtopping the flowers. Flowers arising from the underground stem, large, 5-12 cm in diameter, pale to dark blue or mauve, with a white streak in the lower tepals, rarely all white.
Derivation of specific name: hypogea: referring to the inflorescence being underground before the flowers open
Flowering time:Dec - May
Worldwide distribution:
Botswana distribution: SW,SE
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 5. As Babiana hypogea ensifolia

Goldblatt, P. (1993). Iridaceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(4) Pages 55 - 57. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 313. (Includes a picture).

Linley, K. & Baker, B. (1972). Flowers of the Veld Bundu Series Longman Zimbabwe Pages 26 - 27.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 92.

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 17, plate 35

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 124.

Other sources of information about Babiana hypogea:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Babiana hypogea
Flora of Zimbabwe: Babiana hypogea

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Babiana hypogea
African Plant Database: Babiana hypogea
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Babiana hypogea
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Babiana hypogea
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Babiana hypogea
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Babiana hypogea
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Babiana hypogea
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Babiana hypogea
iNaturalist: Babiana hypogea
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Babiana hypogea
JSTOR Plant Science: Babiana hypogea
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Babiana hypogea
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Babiana hypogea
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Babiana hypogea
Plants of the World Online: Babiana hypogea
Tropicos: Babiana hypogea
Wikipedia: Babiana hypogea

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-22

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2022). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Babiana hypogea., retrieved 30 November 2022

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