Ficus glumosa Delile

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Ficus glumosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam, Matobo National Park

Ficus glumosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam, Matobo National Park

Ficus glumosa

Photo: Rob Burrett
Road to Nswatugi Cave, Matobo National Park

Ficus glumosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Besna Kobila farm, Matobo

Ficus glumosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Besna Kobila farm, Matobo

Ficus glumosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Besna Kobila farm, Matobo

Ficus glumosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Besna Kobila farm, Matobo

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Ficus montana Sim
Ficus rehmannii Warb.
Ficus sonderi Miq.
Common names: Hairy rock fig (English) Mountain rock fig (English)
Frequency:
Status:
Description:
Usually a small tree, most commonly as a lithophytic rock-splitter. Bark pale greyish-cream, smooth and flaking. Leaves oblong to broadly elliptic, more rarely ovate or almost round, 4-14 cm, dark green above, paler below, thickly leathery, with long silky hairs on both surfaces, particularly on the veins. Hairs sometimes almost lost on older leaves; base cordate or rounded; veins prominent below; margin entire. Fruits singly or in pairs in the leaf axils pedunculate, spherical to ellipsoid, 8-15 mm in diameter, variously hairy, covered in small small warts, pink to red when ripe.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: glumosa: bearing glumes, referring to the prominent stipules, which enclose the leaf bud. Note that a glume normally is one of the bracts surrounding the flowers of grasses
Habitat:
Flowering time:Dec - Apr
Worldwide distribution: From Senegal in the West and Yemen in the northeast, throughout tropical Africa to northern Namibia and KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Botswana distribution:
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Elisabethiella glumosae (Pollinated by this insect)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Berg, C.C. (1991). Moraceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Pages 59 - 60.

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2003). Figs of Southern and South-Central Africa Umdaus Press, South Africa Pages 112 - 115. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 81. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 17.

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 142.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 234. As Ficus sonderi

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 63.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 88.

Other sources of information about Ficus glumosa:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Ficus glumosa
Flora of Mozambique: Ficus glumosa
Flora of Zambia: Ficus glumosa
Flora of Zimbabwe: Ficus glumosa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ficus glumosa
African Plant Database: Ficus glumosa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ficus glumosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ficus glumosa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ficus glumosa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ficus glumosa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ficus glumosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Ficus glumosa
iNaturalist: Ficus glumosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ficus glumosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Ficus glumosa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ficus glumosa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ficus glumosa
Plants of the World Online: Ficus glumosa
The Plant List (version 1.1): Ficus glumosa
Tropicos: Ficus glumosa
Wikipedia: Ficus glumosa


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Ficus glumosa.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=120300, retrieved 17 September 2019

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