Acacia erioloba E. Mey.

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Acacia erioloba

Photo: Bart Wursten
Main Camp, Hwange NP

Acacia erioloba

Photo: Bart Wursten
Main Camp, Hwange NP

Acacia erioloba

Photo: Bart Wursten
Main Camp, Hwange NP

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Synonyms: Acacia giraffae Willd.
Vachellia erioloba (E. Mey.) P.J.H. Hurter
Common names: Camel thorn (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Often a medium to large spreading tree, remaining green throughout most of the dry season. Bark rough, dark and fissured; young branches distinctly zigzag. Thorns paired at the nodes, whitish, straight and stout, often swollen at the base. Leaves bipinnate with 2-5 pairs of pinnae; leaflets somewhat blue-green. Glands are present on the rhachis but not on the petiole. Flowers in spherical golden-yellow heads. Pods woody, distinctly kidney or crescent shaped, covered in grey velvet, greatly relished by both game and lifestock.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In sandy or stony soils in dry savannah woodland, a common constituent on Kalahari sands.
Flowering time:Sep - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Southern Angola, Southwest Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia and South Africa.
Botswana distribution: N,SW,SE
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Mimosoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(1) Page 93. as Acacia giraffae

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 136. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 214. as Acacia giraffae

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 240.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 257. (Includes a picture).

Mannheimer, C. & Curtis B. (2009). Le Roux and Müller's Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of Namibia Macmillan Education, Windhoek, Namibia. Pages 92 - 93. (Includes a picture).

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 156 - 159. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 59.

Timberlake, J., Fagg, C. & Barnes, R. (1999). Field Guide to the Acacias of Zimbabwe CBC Publishing, Harare Pages 48 - 51. (Includes a picture).

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 209.

Other sources of information about Acacia erioloba:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Acacia erioloba
Flora of Mozambique: Acacia erioloba
Flora of Zambia: Acacia erioloba
Flora of Zimbabwe: Acacia erioloba

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Acacia erioloba
African Plant Database: Acacia erioloba
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Acacia erioloba
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Acacia erioloba
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Acacia erioloba
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Acacia erioloba
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Acacia erioloba
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Acacia erioloba
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Acacia erioloba
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Acacia erioloba
Ispot Southern Africa: Acacia erioloba
JSTOR Plant Science: Acacia erioloba
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Acacia erioloba
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Acacia erioloba
The Plant List (version 1.1): Acacia erioloba
Tropicos: Acacia erioloba

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Acacia erioloba., retrieved 17 June 2019

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