Bauhinia macrantha Oliv.

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Bauhinia macrantha

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chinotimba, Victoria Falls

Bauhinia macrantha

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chinotimba, Victoria Falls

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Synonyms: Bauhinia petersiana Bolle subsp. macrantha (Oliv.) Brummitt & J.H. Ross
Bauhinia petersiana Bolle subsp. serpae (Ficalho & Hiern) Brummitt & J.H. Ross
Common names: Kalahari bauhinia (English) Rag bush (English) Small white bauhinia (English)
Shrub, 1-3 m tall, sometimes a suffrutex up to 0.4 m or a small tree up to 4 m or scrambling to 10 m. Formerly treated as a subspecies of Bauhinia petersiana. We have followed Schmidt (2012) in treating it as a separate species. It is easily distinguished from Bauhinia petersiana subsp. petersiana. The petals are much wider and more rounded, while the style and stamens are considerably shorter and lack the red tinge of subsp. petersiana. It also is a generally much smaller shrub, which rarely reaches tree-size proportions.
Derivation of specific name: macrantha: large-flowered
Flowering time:Oct - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Zambia, Namibia, Botswana, South Africa and Zimbabwe.
Botswana distribution: N,SW,SE
Growth form(s): Climber, tree, liane, shrub over 2 m, shrub under 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
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Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2) Page 23. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 212.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 243.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 375. as Bauhinia petersiana macrantha (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 80. as Bauhinia petersiana subsp. macrantha (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 43. As Bauhinia petersiana subsp. macrantha

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 71. (Includes a picture).

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 51, plate 75

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 118 - 120. as Bauhinia petersiana subsp. macrantha (Includes a picture).

Schmidt, E.J.D. (2012). A new species of Bauhinia from southern Mozambique and the reinstatement of Bauhinia macrantha Bothalia 42(1) Pages 44 - 47.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 62. as Bauhinia petersiana macrantha

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 208. as Bauhinia petersiana subsp. Macrantha

Other sources of information about Bauhinia macrantha:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Bauhinia macrantha
Flora of Zambia: Bauhinia macrantha
Flora of Zimbabwe: Bauhinia macrantha

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Bauhinia macrantha
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Bauhinia macrantha
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Bauhinia macrantha
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Bauhinia macrantha
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Bauhinia macrantha
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Bauhinia macrantha
JSTOR Plant Science: Bauhinia macrantha
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Bauhinia macrantha
Plants of the World Online: Bauhinia macrantha
Tropicos: Bauhinia macrantha
Wikipedia: Bauhinia macrantha

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Bauhinia macrantha., retrieved 28 May 2024

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