Turraea nilotica Kotschy & Peyr.

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Turraea nilotica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Haslemere Lane, Umwinsidale

Turraea nilotica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Haslemere Lane, Umwinsidale

Turraea nilotica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Gardiner Farm, nr Arcturus

Turraea nilotica

Photo: Rob Burrett

Turraea nilotica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Calderwood Park, Peterhouse School

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Turraea randii Baker f.
Turraea tubulifera C. DC.
Common names: Bushveld honeysuckle-tree (English) Miombo honeysuckle-tree (English) Small mahogany (English)
Status: Native
Deciduous shrub or small tree. Leaves elliptic, entire, up to 10 × 16 cm, densely velvety hairy, particularly on the under surface. Flowers with a distinct staminal tube, greenish-white, turning yellow with age, appearing before the leaves in dense clusters on the young branches. Fruit a near-spherical, thinly woody capsule. See T. zambesica, which is confined to the Zambesi Valley. It can be distinguished by the smaller leaves being nearly glabrous.
Notes: In leaf it superficially resembles Vangueria infausta, another common species with which it frequently grows, but T. nilotica differs from that species in having alternate leaves.
Derivation of specific name: nilotica: from the valley of the Nile
Flowering time:Jul - Sep
Worldwide distribution: From Sudan and East Africa southwards to northern South Africa
Botswana distribution:
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Pseudaphelia apollinaris (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Page 97. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 386. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 57. As Turraea nilotica nilotica

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 36. As Turraea nilotica nilotica

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 231 - 234. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, M. (1989). Guide to the trees and shrubs of the Mukuvisi Woodlands ?publisher. Page 10.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 250.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 104 - 105. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 62.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 86.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 34.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 122.

White, F. & Styles, B.T. (1963). Meliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 309 - 311. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Turraea nilotica:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Turraea nilotica
Flora of Mozambique: Turraea nilotica
Flora of Zambia: Turraea nilotica
Flora of Zimbabwe: Turraea nilotica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Turraea nilotica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Turraea nilotica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Turraea nilotica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Turraea nilotica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Turraea nilotica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Turraea nilotica
JSTOR Plant Science: Turraea nilotica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Turraea nilotica
Plants of the World Online: Turraea nilotica
Tropicos: Turraea nilotica
Wikipedia: Turraea nilotica

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Turraea nilotica.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=133490, retrieved 25 May 2024

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