Jatropha erythropoda Pax & K. Hoffm.

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Jatropha erythropoda

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Covane Community Lodge, Massingir district, Gaza province

Jatropha erythropoda

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Covane Community Lodge, Massingir district, Gaza province

Jatropha erythropoda

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Covane Community Lodge, Massingir district, Gaza province

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Status: Native
An erect, somewhat fleshy perennial herb up to 30 cm high, growing from elongate or ellipsoid, smooth, red, tubers; stems reddish-tinged, hairless below, pubescent above, rarely all hairless. Leaves irregularly pinnatipartite, 2–12 cm long, thinly textured, usually hairless, rarely sparingly puberulous towards the base, blueish-green; lobes with margins hyaline, lobulate, serrate or entire; lateral veins often indistinct; stipules simple, setaceous-filiform, bifid or trifid with filiform segments, c. 2 mm long, eglandular. petioles 1–8 mm long. Inflorescences terminal, up to 3 cm long; bracts lanceolate, 2–5 mm long, minutely toothed to subentire. Male flowers with petals creamy-white, up to 5.5 mm long; female flowers with petals white or pinkish, 6-8 mm long. Fruit depressed-globose, shallowly 3-lobed, 10–12 mm in diameter, very shallowly tuberculate, hairless.
Derivation of specific name: erythropoda: with red feet, referring to the reddish-tinged stems.
Habitat: In grassland and wooded grassland on sandy soils or at margins of pans.
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia and South Africa.
Botswana distribution: SW,SE
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 7 January 2020

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 22.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 42.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 271 - 272.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 57.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 208.

Other sources of information about Jatropha erythropoda:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Jatropha erythropoda
Flora of Mozambique: Jatropha erythropoda
Flora of Zimbabwe: Jatropha erythropoda

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Jatropha erythropoda
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Jatropha erythropoda
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Jatropha erythropoda
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Jatropha erythropoda
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Jatropha erythropoda
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Jatropha erythropoda
JSTOR Plant Science: Jatropha erythropoda
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Jatropha erythropoda
Plants of the World Online: Jatropha erythropoda
Tropicos: Jatropha erythropoda
Wikipedia: Jatropha erythropoda

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Jatropha erythropoda.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=135400, retrieved 4 June 2023

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