Euphorbia ingens E. Mey. ex Boiss.

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Euphorbia ingens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chithora Rd to Himalayas

Euphorbia ingens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hot Springs

Euphorbia ingens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Lay-by Birchenough Bridge to Masvingo road near Nyika

Euphorbia ingens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Path from entrance gate to Great Enclosure, Great Zimbabwe

Euphorbia ingens

Photo: Mark Hyde
Near Great Enclosure, Great Zimbabwe

Euphorbia ingens

Photo: Mark Hyde
Near Great Enclosure, Great Zimbabwe

Euphorbia ingens

Photo: Mark Hyde
Near Great Enclosure, Great Zimbabwe

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Candelabra tree (English)
Status: Native
Massive tree-size succulent, up to 10 m. The ridges of the branches are set with short spines, the inflorescences are situated at the top of the vertical branches, the flowers small and yellow.
Notes: As with many species of Euphorbia, the milky latex is poisonous and highly irritant to skin. When coming into contact with the eyes, it may cause temporary blindness.
Derivation of specific name: ingens: huge
Habitat: In open woodland, often associated with rocky outcrops and termite mounds.
Flowering time:Apr - Aug
Worldwide distribution: Eastern Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Caprivi-Namibia, Eswatini, and South Africa.
Botswana distribution: N
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 454. (Includes a picture).

Carter, S. & Leach, L.C. (2001). Euphorbiaceae: subfamily Euphorbioideae: tribe Euphorbieae Flora Zambesiaca 9(5) Pages 397 - 398.

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 172 - 175. (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 352. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 253.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 114 - 115. (Includes a picture).

Mannheimer, C. & Curtis B. (2009). Le Roux and Müller's Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of Namibia Macmillan Education, Windhoek, Namibia. Pages 242 - 243. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 41.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 57.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 36.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 87.

Other sources of information about Euphorbia ingens:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Euphorbia ingens
Flora of Malawi: Euphorbia ingens
Flora of Mozambique: Euphorbia ingens
Flora of Zambia: Euphorbia ingens
Flora of Zimbabwe: Euphorbia ingens
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Euphorbia ingens

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Euphorbia ingens
African Plant Database: Euphorbia ingens
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Euphorbia ingens
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Euphorbia ingens
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Euphorbia ingens
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Euphorbia ingens
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Euphorbia ingens
JSTOR Plant Science: Euphorbia ingens
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Euphorbia ingens
Plants of the World Online: Euphorbia ingens
Tropicos: Euphorbia ingens
Wikipedia: Euphorbia ingens

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Euphorbia ingens., retrieved 20 July 2024

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