Erythrophysa transvaalensis I. Verd.

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Erythrophysa transvaalensis

Photo: Richard Peek
Near Marula

Erythrophysa transvaalensis

Photo: Richard Peek
Near Marula

Erythrophysa transvaalensis

Photo: Richard Peek
Near Marula

Erythrophysa transvaalensis

Photo: Richard Peek
Near Marula

Erythrophysa transvaalensis

Photo: Richard Peek
Near Marula

Erythrophysa transvaalensis

Photo: Richard Peek
Near Marula

Erythrophysa transvaalensis

Photo: Richard Peek
Near Marula

Erythrophysa transvaalensis

Photo: Richard Peek
Near Marula

Erythrophysa transvaalensis

Photo: Richard Peek
Near Marula

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: Bushveld red-balloon (English) Red balloon (English)
Frequency: Very rare in Botswana.
Status: Native
Description:
Deciduous shrub or small tree, branching near the base. Bark brown, smooth and shiny. Leaves crowded near the ends of branches, imparipinnate with a winged rhachis and c. 7 pairs of narrowly lanceolate, distinctly asymmetric leaflets, up to c. 7 cm long, dark green; lower leaflets often with a lobe-like extension near the base; margin entire. Flowers in erect branched heads, before or with the new leaves, green, tinged with red. Fruit an inflated, balloon-like capsule, 3-angled, red when ripe. Seeds usually 3, round, somewhat flattened, 10-15 mm in diameter, purple-black.
Notes: Only known from a single record from Shoshong in 1993.
Derivation of specific name: transvaalensis: from the Transvaal, South Africa
Habitat: On rocky slopes of hills.
Flowering time:Sep - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Northwestern Mpumalanga, South Africa, southwestern Zimbabwe and Southeastern Botswana.
Botswana distribution: SE
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Vulnerable
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 169.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Botswana Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 18.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 76.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 100.

Other sources of information about Erythrophysa transvaalensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Erythrophysa transvaalensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Erythrophysa transvaalensis
African Plant Database: Erythrophysa transvaalensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Erythrophysa transvaalensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Erythrophysa transvaalensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Erythrophysa transvaalensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Erythrophysa transvaalensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Erythrophysa transvaalensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Erythrophysa transvaalensis
iNaturalist: Erythrophysa transvaalensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Erythrophysa transvaalensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Erythrophysa transvaalensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Erythrophysa transvaalensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Erythrophysa transvaalensis
Plants of the World Online: Erythrophysa transvaalensis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Erythrophysa transvaalensis
Tropicos: Erythrophysa transvaalensis
Wikipedia: Erythrophysa transvaalensis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Erythrophysa transvaalensis.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=137490, retrieved 21 October 2019

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