Sida cordifolia L.
subsp. maculata (Cav.) Marais

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Sida cordifolia subsp. maculata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Top of dam wall, Cleveland Dam, Harare

Sida cordifolia subsp. maculata

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road to Hwange NP, Main Camp.

Sida cordifolia subsp. maculata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chesa Forest Land,Umguza District.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Frequency: Common
Status: Introduced or native
Annual or short-lived perennial herb or soft shrub up to 1 m. Leaves ovate with a cordate base, 3-7 cm long, green to grey-green, velvety with roughly toothed margins; petiole 1-3 cm long. Flowers in clusters, (sub)terminal at the stems and branches, bright yellow. Mericarps 8-12 but usually 10, c.7 mm long, birostrate at the apex with awns 3-4 mm long.
Notes: It is uncertain whether it is of natural or introduced origin in Botswana.
Derivation of specific name: cordifolia: with cordate (heart-shaped) leaves
Habitat: It is commonly found as a weed of cultivated and disturbed soils.
Flowering time:Throughout the year
Worldwide distribution: Pantropical
Botswana distribution: N,SE
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Gomalia elma elma (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 22 February 2017

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 33. As Sida cordifolia

Exell, A.W. (1961). Malvaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(2) Page 483. As Sida cordifolia

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 294. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 208. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 61.

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 82. as Sida cordifolia (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 85. as Sida cordifolia

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 27. As Abrus precatorius

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 218. as Sida cordifolia

Wild, H. (1955). Common Rhodesian Weeds Government of Rhodesia, Salisbury Page 44. as Sida cordifolia (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Sida cordifolia subsp. maculata:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Sida cordifolia subsp. maculata
Flora of Malawi: Sida cordifolia subsp. maculata
Flora of Mozambique: Sida cordifolia subsp. maculata
Flora of Zambia: Sida cordifolia subsp. maculata
Flora of Zimbabwe: Sida cordifolia subsp. maculata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Sida cordifolia
African Plant Database: Sida cordifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Sida cordifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Sida cordifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Sida cordifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Sida cordifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Sida cordifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Sida cordifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Sida cordifolia
Plants of the World Online: Sida cordifolia
Tropicos: Sida cordifolia
Wikipedia: Sida cordifolia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Sida cordifolia subsp. maculata., retrieved 28 May 2024

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