Hibiscus diversifolius Jacq.
subsp. rivularis (Bremek. & Oberm.) Exell

Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images (6)

Hibiscus diversifolius subsp. rivularis

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Hibiscus diversifolius subsp. rivularis

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Hibiscus diversifolius subsp. rivularis

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Hibiscus rivularis Bremek. & Oberm.
Common names:
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree, occasionally a large scrambling perennial herb, up to 10 m tall. Stems more or less densely stellate-hairy and armed with thick short spines. Leaves almost round in outline, up to 16 × 16 cm, more or less distinctly 3-7-lobed, stellate-hairy on both surfaces; base truncate to cordate, usually with fissured gland near the base of the midrib below; margin irregularly toothed. Flowers solitary, axillary or sometimes forming apparent terminal racemes, due to the absence of leaves, reddish-purple with a darker centre, 7-8 cm in diameter. Epicalyx bracts 7-8, 8-12 mm long densely stellate hairy, free. Calyx 2.5-3 cm long; lobes lanceolate, joined for c. 5 mm at the base and an elliptic gland on the midrib. Fruit a pointed ovate capsule, 20 × 15 mm, densely bristly.
Derivation of specific name: diversifolius: with diverse, variable leaves;
rivularis: occurring near rivers.
Habitat: In damp places along the margins of rivers and lakes
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Botswana, Caprivi-Namibia, Tanzania, Uganda, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Botswana distribution: N
Growth form(s): Tree, perennial, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 31. As Hibiscus diversifolius rivularis rivularis

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 702 - 703.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 259.

Exell, A.W. (1961). Malvaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(2) Pages 443 - 444.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 60.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 84.

Other sources of information about Hibiscus diversifolius subsp. rivularis:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Hibiscus diversifolius subsp. rivularis
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Hibiscus diversifolius subsp. rivularis
Flora of Malawi: Hibiscus diversifolius subsp. rivularis
Flora of Mozambique: Hibiscus diversifolius subsp. rivularis
Flora of Zambia: Hibiscus diversifolius subsp. rivularis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Hibiscus diversifolius subsp. rivularis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hibiscus diversifolius
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hibiscus diversifolius
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hibiscus diversifolius
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hibiscus diversifolius
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Hibiscus diversifolius
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hibiscus diversifolius
JSTOR Plant Science: Hibiscus diversifolius
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hibiscus diversifolius
Plants of the World Online: Hibiscus diversifolius
Tropicos: Hibiscus diversifolius
Wikipedia: Hibiscus diversifolius

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Hibiscus diversifolius subsp. rivularis.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=139340, retrieved 22 June 2024

Site software last modified: 2 April 2018 9:51pm
Terms of use