Hibiscus lunarifolius Willd.

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Hibiscus lunarifolius

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam camp

Hibiscus lunarifolius

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam camp

Hibiscus lunarifolius

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam camp

Hibiscus lunarifolius

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam camp

Hibiscus lunarifolius

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam camp

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status:
Description:
Erect perennial herb, up to c. 1 m tall. Stems branching mostly near the base, densely covered in stelate, somewhat irritant hairs. Leaves, up to 10 × 9 cm, ovate to almost round in outline, shallowy or obscurely 3-lobed, sometimes unlobed, stellate pubescent above, densely stellate-tomentose below; base cordate; margin serrate-crenate; petiole up to 8 cm long. Flowers solitary, axillary, up to 5 cm in diameter, together often forming racemes on the leafless ends of the stems, yellow, usually without a dark centre. Epicalyx of 5 bracts, 16 × 3 mm, linear-lanceolate. Calyx 5-6 mm long, normally shorter than the epicalyx; lobes narrowly triangular with a prominent central vein. Fruit a subspherical or broadly ellipsoid capsule, c. 15 mm long.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Scattered throughout tropical Africa, northern South Africa and India.
Botswana distribution:
Growth form(s): Perennial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 20. As Hibiscus lunariifolius

Exell, A.W. (1961). Malvaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(2) Page 459.

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 202. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 60.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 84.

Other sources of information about Hibiscus lunarifolius:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Hibiscus lunarifolius

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hibiscus lunarifolius
African Plant Database: Hibiscus lunarifolius
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hibiscus lunarifolius
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hibiscus lunarifolius
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Hibiscus lunarifolius
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Hibiscus lunarifolius
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hibiscus lunarifolius
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Hibiscus lunarifolius
iNaturalist: Hibiscus lunarifolius
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hibiscus lunarifolius
JSTOR Plant Science: Hibiscus lunarifolius
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Hibiscus lunarifolius
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hibiscus lunarifolius
Plants of the World Online: Hibiscus lunarifolius
The Plant List (version 1.1): Hibiscus lunarifolius
Tropicos: Hibiscus lunarifolius
Wikipedia: Hibiscus lunarifolius


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Hibiscus lunarifolius.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=139420, retrieved 21 October 2019

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