Hibiscus trionum L.

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Hibiscus trionum

Photo: Riana Fourie
Hainaveld, Ngamiland East

Hibiscus trionum

Photo: Riana Fourie
Hainaveld, Ngamiland East

Hibiscus trionum

Photo: Riana Fourie
Hainaveld, Ngamiland East

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Common names: Bladder ketmia (English) Bladderweed (English) Flower-of-an-hour (English)
Status: Native
Annual herb, up to 1.5 m, often smaller. Leaves variable from nearly unlobed ovate or ovate hastate to deeply 3-5-lobed; lobes often pinnately incised again or with shallowly to deeply crenate-dentate margins. Flowers solitary, axillary, creamy-white, to pale yellow with a dark purple centre. Calyx with conspicuous purple veins, stellate hairy.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In grassland, often as a weed of cultivation and disturbed places.
Flowering time:Sep - June
Worldwide distribution: Widespread throughout the Old World tropics and subtropics; southern Europe, Africa, Asia and Australia.
Botswana distribution: N,SE
Growth form(s): Annual.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 6 March 2020

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Pages 104 - 105. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 20.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 84.

Exell, A.W. (1961). Malvaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(2) Pages 446 - 447. (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 289. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 204. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 61.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 75.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 84.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 218.

Wild, H. (1955). Common Rhodesian Weeds Government of Rhodesia, Salisbury Page 42. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Hibiscus trionum:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Hibiscus trionum
Flora of Mozambique: Hibiscus trionum
Flora of Zambia: Hibiscus trionum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Hibiscus trionum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hibiscus trionum
African Plant Database: Hibiscus trionum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hibiscus trionum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hibiscus trionum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hibiscus trionum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Hibiscus trionum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hibiscus trionum
JSTOR Plant Science: Hibiscus trionum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hibiscus trionum
Plants of the World Online: Hibiscus trionum
Tropicos: Hibiscus trionum
Wikipedia: Hibiscus trionum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Hibiscus trionum.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=139670, retrieved 25 May 2024

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