Garcinia livingstonei T. Anderson

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Garcinia livingstonei

Photo: Mark Hyde
Hippo Pools

Garcinia livingstonei

Photo: Mark Hyde
Hippo Pools

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Synonyms: Garcinia angolensis Vesque
Common names: African mangosteen (English)
Status: Native
Shrub to medium-sized tree. Main branches typically stiff and rigid, rising almost straight up and somewhat arching; lateral branches whorled in 3's at right angles; pale yellow sap usually present. Leaves opposite or in whorls of 3, oblong, elliptic or ovate, 4-14 cm, leathery, dark glossy green above, paler below, midrib and lateral veins, distinctly paler but not ridged; margin entire, rolled under, rarely shallowly crenate. Flowers in clusters on short spur-branchlets along the older stems, greenish-yellow. Fruits fleshy, subspherical, c. 2.5 cm in diameter, yellow to orange when ripe, edible.
Derivation of specific name: livingstonei: named after the legendary Scottish explorer David Livingstone (1813-1873)
Habitat: Mostly in riverine forest
Flowering time:Aug - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Senegal to Nigeria; Ethiopia and Uganda to Angola, Namibia, Botswana and KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Botswana distribution: N
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 615. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 28.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 462 - 463. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 260.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 228. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 35.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 40.

Robson, N.K.B. (1961). Guttiferae Flora Zambesiaca 1(2) Pages 400 - 401.

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 114 - 115. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 47.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 25.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 68.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 203.

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 281 - 283.

Other sources of information about Garcinia livingstonei:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Garcinia livingstonei
Flora of Malawi: Garcinia livingstonei
Flora of Mozambique: Garcinia livingstonei
Flora of Zambia: Garcinia livingstonei
Flora of Zimbabwe: Garcinia livingstonei

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Garcinia livingstonei
African Plant Database: Garcinia livingstonei
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Garcinia livingstonei
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Garcinia livingstonei
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Garcinia livingstonei
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Garcinia livingstonei
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Garcinia livingstonei
JSTOR Plant Science: Garcinia livingstonei
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Garcinia livingstonei
Plants of the World Online: Garcinia livingstonei
Tropicos: Garcinia livingstonei
Wikipedia: Garcinia livingstonei

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Garcinia livingstonei., retrieved 16 June 2024

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