Bergia decumbens Planch. ex Harv.

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Bergia decumbens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Lake Urema Floodplain, Gorongosa National Park

Bergia decumbens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Lake Urema Floodplain, Gorongosa National Park

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Common names:
Status: Native
Perennial herb with spreading stems growing from a woody rootstock. Leaves opposite, susessile, linear-lanceolate, 1-4 cm long,hairless or with hyaline hairs on both surfaces; margin sharply toothed; stipules 3-5 mm long, sharply tipped. Flowers in few-many-flowered verticillate clusters at the leaf nodes towards the ends of branches, white with the ovary pinkish or purple. Sepals 5, 3-4 mm long; petals oblanceolate, as long as the sepals. Stamens 10; styles 5. Capsule splitting into 5 valves.
Derivation of specific name: decumbens: (of stems) lying on the ground and tending to rise at the end
Habitat: In sandy or alluvial soils near rivers and floodplains.
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana Caprivi-Namibia and Limpopo, Mpumalanga South Africa.
Botswana distribution: SE
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 29 June 2016

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 6.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 53.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 39.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 55.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 206.

Wild, H. (1961). Elatinaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(2) Page 377. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Bergia decumbens:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Bergia decumbens
Flora of Mozambique: Bergia decumbens
Flora of Zimbabwe: Bergia decumbens

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Bergia decumbens
African Plant Database: Bergia decumbens
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Bergia decumbens
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Bergia decumbens
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Bergia decumbens
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Bergia decumbens
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Bergia decumbens
JSTOR Plant Science: Bergia decumbens
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Bergia decumbens
Plants of the World Online: Bergia decumbens
Tropicos: Bergia decumbens
Wikipedia: Bergia decumbens

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Bergia decumbens., retrieved 19 June 2024

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