Combretum mossambicense (Klotzsch) Engl.

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Combretum mossambicense

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road to Big Tree, Victoria Falls

Combretum mossambicense

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road to Big Tree, Victoria Falls

Combretum mossambicense

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road to Big Tree, Victoria Falls

Combretum mossambicense

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road to Big Tree, Victoria Falls

Combretum mossambicense

Photo: Patrick Shadwell
Layby on Bulawayo - Harare road just north of Kwekwe

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Combretum armatum Phillips
Combretum cataractarum Diels
Combretum detinens Dinter
Common names: Knobbly bushwillow (English) Shaving-brush combretum (English)
Status: Native
Usually a deciduous scrambling shrub with long trailing branches. Leaves opposite, simple, elliptic, finely hairy when young; margins entire but wavy. The persistent petioles often harden into strong, blunt spines after the leaves have fallen. Flowers normally appear before the leaves, in showy, dense axillary heads, white with the long stamens bearing conspicuous orange anthers. Fruit usually 5-winged, pale straw-coloured.
Derivation of specific name: mossambicense: of Mozambique
Habitat: On kopjes and termite mounds in hot dry areas, often on the outer fringes of riverine thickets.
Flowering time:Aug - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia and Limpopo, Mpumalanga, and northern Cape, South Africa
Botswana distribution: N
Growth form(s): Climber, tree, liane, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 684. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 15.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 807.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 482 - 483. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 46.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 263.

Exell, A.W. (1978). Combretaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 156 - 157.

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 276 - 277. (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 360. (Includes a picture).

Mannheimer, C. & Curtis B. (2009). Le Roux and Müller's Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of Namibia Macmillan Education, Windhoek, Namibia. Pages 358 - 359. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 35.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 41.

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 50. (Includes a picture).

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 106 - 107. (Includes a picture).

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 466 - 467. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 47.

Setshogo, M.P. & Venter, F. (2003). Trees of Botswana: names and distribution SABONET Report No. 18 Southern African Botanical Diversity Network, Pretoria Page 48.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 204.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 334 - 335. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (2013). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa (Second edition) Struik, South Africa Pages 392 - 393. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Combretum mossambicense:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Combretum mossambicense
Flora of Malawi: Combretum mossambicense
Flora of Mozambique: Combretum mossambicense
Flora of Zambia: Combretum mossambicense
Flora of Zimbabwe: Combretum mossambicense

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Combretum mossambicense
African Plant Database: Combretum mossambicense
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Combretum mossambicense
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Combretum mossambicense
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Combretum mossambicense
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Combretum mossambicense
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Combretum mossambicense
JSTOR Plant Science: Combretum mossambicense
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Combretum mossambicense
Plants of the World Online: Combretum mossambicense
Tropicos: Combretum mossambicense
Wikipedia: Combretum mossambicense

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Combretum mossambicense., retrieved 16 June 2024

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