Englerophytum magalismontanum (Sond.) T.D. Penn.

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Englerophytum magalismontanum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Globe Rock, Vumba

Englerophytum magalismontanum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Path to Hadange Gorge, Chimanimani National Park

Englerophytum magalismontanum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Path to Hadange Gorge, Chimanimani National Park

Englerophytum magalismontanum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Path to Hadange Gorge, Chimanimani National Park

Englerophytum magalismontanum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Path to Hadange Gorge, Chimanimani National Park

Englerophytum magalismontanum

Photo: Amanda Mileson
Shavanhohwe River, c. 2kms east of Musami BC, Mangwende CL

Englerophytum magalismontanum

Photo: Amanda Mileson
Shavanhohwe River, c. 2kms east of Musami BC, Mangwende CL

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Bequaertiodendron magalismontanum (Sond.) Heine & J.H. Hemsl.
Chrysophyllum argyrophyllum Hiern
Chrysophyllum magalismontanum Sond.
Common names: Stem-fruit (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Small to medium-sized tree with forest specimens usually much larger. Leaves alternate, crowded near the ends of branches, oblanceolate to obovate-elliptic, glossy dark green above, densely covered in golden-brown velvety hairs below, entirely obscuring the lateral veins but midrib prominent. Flowers in small dense clusters on the old leaf scars along branches, pinkish-brown. Fruit fleshy, ovoid with a sharp tip, bright red when ripe.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: magalismontanum: of the Magaliesberg mountains
Habitat: Usually in riverine fringing vegetation or forest margins, but also in woodland and on rocky hillsides.
Flowering time:Jun - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical and southern Africa
Botswana distribution: SE
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Pseudarcraea boisduvalii trimenii (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 260. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 737. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 15.

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 407 - 410. as Chrysophyllum magalismontanum (Includes a picture).

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 20. As Bequaertiodendron magalismontanum

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 266. As Bequaertiodendron magalismontanum

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 178 - 179. as Bequaertiodendron magalismontanum (Includes a picture).

Kupicha, F.K. (1983). Sapotaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(1) Pages 222 - 223. As Bequaertiodendron magalismontanum

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 76.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 101.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 62. as Chrysophyllum argyrophyllum

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 174.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 99.

Other sources of information about Englerophytum magalismontanum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Englerophytum magalismontanum
Flora of Mozambique: Englerophytum magalismontanum
Flora of Zambia: Englerophytum magalismontanum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Englerophytum magalismontanum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Englerophytum magalismontanum
African Plant Database: Englerophytum magalismontanum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Englerophytum magalismontanum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Englerophytum magalismontanum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Englerophytum magalismontanum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Englerophytum magalismontanum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Englerophytum magalismontanum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Englerophytum magalismontanum
iNaturalist: Englerophytum magalismontanum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Englerophytum magalismontanum
JSTOR Plant Science: Englerophytum magalismontanum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Englerophytum magalismontanum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Englerophytum magalismontanum
Plants of the World Online: Englerophytum magalismontanum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Englerophytum magalismontanum
Tropicos: Englerophytum magalismontanum
Wikipedia: Englerophytum magalismontanum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Englerophytum magalismontanum.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=143760, retrieved 21 November 2019

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