Diospyros mespiliformis Hochst. ex A. DC.

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Diospyros mespiliformis

Photo: Frances Murray-Hudson
Thamalakane river at Sexaxa, just Northeast of Maun

Diospyros mespiliformis

Photo: Frances Murray-Hudson
Thamalakane river at Sexaxa, just Northeast of Maun

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Synonyms: Diospyros sabiensis Hiern
Common names: African ebony (English) Jackal-berry (English)
Status: Native
Medium-sized to large tree. Bark dark grey to black, very rough with long vertical fissures. Leaves alternate, oblong-elliptic, dark green above, paler below, hairless. Flowers axillary, solitary, cream to pale yellow with greyish hairs on the calyx and pedicel. Fruit fleshy, ovoid to round, yellow to purple when ripe, embedded in the persistent calyx lobes.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In riverine fringes or on termite hills in open woodland.
Flowering time:Oct - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa from Senegal to Eritrea and Yemen, southwards to Namibia, South Africa and southern Mozambique
Botswana distribution: N
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 9 March 2016

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 14.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 522 - 523. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 267.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 84. (Includes a picture).

Kamumvuri, G. (ed.) (2004). Plants of Zimbabwe Report No. 1 National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 37.

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 38 - 41. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 54.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 63.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 81.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 206.

White, F. (1983). Ebenaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(1) Pages 285 - 288. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Diospyros mespiliformis:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Diospyros mespiliformis
Flora of Malawi: Diospyros mespiliformis
Flora of Mozambique: Diospyros mespiliformis
Flora of Zambia: Diospyros mespiliformis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Diospyros mespiliformis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Diospyros mespiliformis
African Plant Database: Diospyros mespiliformis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Diospyros mespiliformis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Diospyros mespiliformis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Diospyros mespiliformis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Diospyros mespiliformis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Diospyros mespiliformis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Diospyros mespiliformis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Diospyros mespiliformis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Diospyros mespiliformis
Ispot Southern Africa: Diospyros mespiliformis
JSTOR Plant Science: Diospyros mespiliformis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Diospyros mespiliformis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Diospyros mespiliformis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Diospyros mespiliformis
Tropicos: Diospyros mespiliformis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Diospyros mespiliformis.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=144030, retrieved 24 April 2018

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